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Aldosterone Does Not Predict Cardiovascular Events Following Acute Coronary Syndrome in Patients Initially Without Heart Failure
VA Medical Centre, CO USA; University of Colorado, CO USA.
University of Colorado, CO USA.
Baylor Coll Med, TX 77030 USA.
University of New South Wales, Australia.
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2017 (English)In: Journal of the American Heart Association: Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Disease, ISSN 2047-9980, E-ISSN 2047-9980, Vol. 6, no 1, e004119Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background- Aldosterone may have adverse effects in the myocardium and vasculature. Treatment with an aldosterone antagonist reduces cardiovascular risk in patients with acute myocardial infarction complicated by heart failure (HF) and left ventricular systolic dysfunction. However, most patients with acute coronary syndrome do not have advanced HF. Among such patients, it is unknown whether aldosterone predicts cardiovascular risk. Methods and Results- To address this question, we examined data from the dal-OUTCOMES trial that compared the cholesteryl ester transfer protein inhibitor dalcetrapib with placebo, beginning 4 to 12 weeks after an index acute coronary syndrome. Patients with New York Heart Association class II (with LVEF amp;lt; 40%), III, or IV HF were excluded. Aldosterone was measured at randomization in 4073 patients. The primary outcome was a composite of coronary heart disease death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, stroke, hospitalization for unstable angina, or resuscitated cardiac arrest. Hospitalization for HF was a secondary endpoint. Over a median follow-up of 37 months, the primary outcome occurred in 366 patients (9.0%), and hospitalization for HF occurred in 72 patients (1.8%). There was no association between aldosterone and either the time to first occurrence of a primary outcome (hazard ratio for doubling of aldosterone 0.92, 95% confidence interval 0.78-1.09, P=0.34) or hospitalization for HF (hazard ratio 1.38, 95% CI 0.96-1.99, P=0.08) in Cox regression models adjusted for covariates. Conclusions- In patients with recent acute coronary syndrome but without advanced HF, aldosterone does not predict major cardiovascular events.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
WILEY-BLACKWELL , 2017. Vol. 6, no 1, e004119
Keyword [en]
acute coronary syndrome; aldosterone; morbidity/mortality
National Category
Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-135708DOI: 10.1161/JAHA.116.004119ISI: 000393593300008PubMedID: 28073769OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-135708DiVA: diva2:1082697
Note

Funding Agencies|F. Hoffmann-La Roche

Available from: 2017-03-17 Created: 2017-03-17 Last updated: 2017-04-04

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Olsson, Anders
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Department of Medical and Health SciencesFaculty of Medicine and Health SciencesDepartment of Endocrinology
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