Associations between psychological factors and the effect of home-based physical exercise in women with chronic neck and shoulder pain.
2016 (English)In: SAGE open medicine, E-ISSN 2050-3121, Vol. 4, 2050312116668933Article in journal (Refereed) Published
BACKGROUND: Exercise is often used in the treatment of chronic neck and shoulder muscle pain. It is likely that psychological aspects have an impact on the results of exercise-based treatments.
OBJECTIVES: (1) To examine the associations between psychological factors and the effect of a home-based physical exercise intervention. (2) To examine differences in psychological factors at baseline between (a) subjects who continued in the trial and those who did not and (b) subjects who completed the intervention and those who did not.
METHOD: A total of 57 women with chronic neck and shoulder pain were included in a home-based exercise intervention trial. Pain intensity, disability, and psychological factors (anxiety and depression symptoms, catastrophizing, fear-avoidance beliefs, self-efficacy, and pain acceptance) were measured at baseline, after 4-6 months, and after 1 year of exercise. Associations between the psychological factors and changes in pain intensity and disability were analysed, as well as differences in psychological factors at baseline between subjects who continued in and completed the intervention, and those who did not.
RESULTS: Associations between positive changes in pain intensity and disability were found for low fear-avoidance beliefs and low-pain self-efficacy at baseline. In addition, fear-avoidance beliefs at baseline were higher in the subjects who dropped out of the intervention than in those who continued. Pain acceptance at baseline was higher in the subjects who completed the intervention at the end of the trial.
CONCLUSION: Particularly, fear-avoidance beliefs and pain self-efficacy should be taken into consideration when implementing home-based physical exercise as treatment for chronic neck pain. In addition, high pain acceptance might improve the adherence to prescribed exercise.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 4, 2050312116668933
Exercise, neck pain, psychological factors
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Psychiatry Family Medicine
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-135743DOI: 10.1177/2050312116668933PubMedID: 27688880OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-135743DiVA: diva2:1082900