Selective and Sensitive Nitrite Sensor Based on Glassy Carbon Electrode Modified by Silver Nanochains
2017 (English)In: Electroanalysis, ISSN 1040-0397, E-ISSN 1521-4109, Vol. 29, no 2, 415-422 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Herein, we report a facile method for the synthesis of silver nanochains (Ag nanochains) using pyridine as growth directing agent and citrate ions as capping agents in alkaline medium. The characterization of the synthesized high aspect ratio Ag nanochains was accomplished with the help of Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) and High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy (HRTEM) which demonstrates the thickness below 100nm. Crystalline nature of the synthesized Ag nanochains was investigated using X-ray diffractrometry. A sensitive electrochemical nitrite sensor was assembled using synthesized Ag nanochains as electrode modifier. An improved cyclic voltammetric response for the oxidation of nitrite ions was witnessed at the modified GCE surface in comparison to bare GCE in Britton Robinson (BR) buffer (pH4). The influence of pH on the oxidation peak current of nitrite ions was also examined using cyclic voltammetry. The electrocatalytic oxidation currents attained through amperometric measurements at Ag nanochains modified GCE were linearly dependent on the concentration of nitrite ions in the two ranges of 0.5-7.5 mu M, 5-480 mu M. Linear calibration plots of Ip vs. concentration of nitrite were also constructed at the proposed sensor using square wave voltammetry and differential pulse voltammetry. The proposed sensing strategy was successfully employed for the determination of nitrite in water samples with excellent recoveries.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH , 2017. Vol. 29, no 2, 415-422 p.
silver nanochains; cyclic voltammetry; amperometry; nitrite ions
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-136328DOI: 10.1002/elan.201600221ISI: 000394998000016OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-136328DiVA: diva2:1087920
Funding Agencies|Higher Education Commission of Pakistan; Chinese Academy of Sciences Presidents International Fellowship Initiative [2015PM010]; National Natural Science Foundation of China 2017-04-102017-04-102017-04-10