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Preparticipation predictors for championship injury and illness: cohort study at the Beijing 2015 International Association of Athletics Federations World Championships
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Center for Health and Developmental Care, Center for Public Health. (Athletics Research Center, Linköping University)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6049-5402
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Swedish Athlet Assoc, Sweden. (Athletics Research Center, Linköping University)
Linköping University. Moi University, Kenya. (Athletics Research Center, Linköping University)
Aspetar Orthopaed and Sports Medical Hospital, Qatar.
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2017 (English)In: British Journal of Sports Medicine, ISSN 0306-3674, E-ISSN 1473-0480, Vol. 51, no 4, 272-+ p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives To determine preparticipation predictors of injury and illness at a major Athletics championship. Methods A cohort study design was used. Before the 2015 International Association of Athletics Federations World Championships in Athletics, all 207 registered national teams were approached about partaking in a study of preparticipation health; 50 teams accepted. The athletes (n=957) in the participating teams were invited to complete a preparticipation health questionnaire (PHQ). New injuries and illnesses that occurred at the championships were prospectively recorded. Logistic regression analyses were performed with simple and multiple models using any in-championship injury and in-championship illness as outcomes. Results The PHQ was completed by 307 (32.1%) of the invited athletes; 116 athletes (38.3%) reported an injury symptom during the month before the championships, while 40 athletes (13%) reported an illness symptom. 20 (6.5%) of the participating athletes sustained a health problem during the championships. Endurance athletes were almost 10-fold more likely to sustain an in-championship illness than speed/power athletes (OR, 9.88; 95% CI 1.20 to 81.31; p=0.033). Participants reporting a preparticipation gradual-onset injury symptom were three times more likely (OR, 3.09; 95% CI 1.08 to 8.79; p=0.035) and those reporting an illness symptom causing anxiety were fivefold more likely (OR, 5.56; 95% CI 1.34 to 23.15; p=0.018) to sustain an in-championship injury. Summary and conclusions Analyses of preparticipation predictors of injury and illness at a major Athletics championship suggest that endurance athletes require particular clinical attention. Preparticipation symptoms causing anxiety are interesting predictors for in-championship health problems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BMJ PUBLISHING GROUP , 2017. Vol. 51, no 4, 272-+ p.
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-136321DOI: 10.1136/bjsports-2016-096580ISI: 000394540300010PubMedID: 27827793OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-136321DiVA: diva2:1087932
Available from: 2017-04-10 Created: 2017-04-10 Last updated: 2017-04-21Bibliographically approved

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Timpka, ToomasJacobsson, JennyBargoria, VictorHalje, KarinAndersson, Christer ADahlström, ÖrjanSpreco, Armin
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Division of Community MedicineFaculty of Medicine and Health SciencesCenter for Public HealthLinköping UniversityRegion ÖstergötlandOrthopaedics and Sports MedicineDepartment of Orthopaedics in LinköpingDisability ResearchFaculty of Arts and SciencesThe Swedish Institute for Disability Research
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British Journal of Sports Medicine
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology

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CiteExportLink to record
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