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Designing of transition metal dichalcogenides based different shaped trifunctional electrocatalyst through "adjourn-reaction" scheme
Indian School Mines, India.
Indian School Mines, India.
Indian School Mines, India.
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. IAAM, Institute Adv Mat, ,Linkoping, Sweden.
2017 (English)In: NANO ENERGY, ISSN 2211-2855, Vol. 33, 98-109 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this article, for the first time, we have designed a new reaction mechanism i.e. adjourned-reaction to fabricate shape specific transition metal dichalcogenides based electrocatalyst. Herein, the MoSe2/MoO3 and WSe2/WO3 based different shaped nanohybrids were prepared in a new, economic and creative way by adjourning the complete 24 h hydrothermal reaction for 30 min at an interval of 3 h. By optimizing the temperature and adjourning time different shape of MoSe2/MoO3 and WSe2/WO3 were prepared and from them four specific shapes nanohybrids i.e. MoSe2/MoO3-1 (150 degrees C) Marigold like flower, MoSe2/MoO3-2 (200 degrees C) thin rod agglomerated flower, WSe2/WO3-1 (150 degrees C) rhombic dodecahedron, WSe2/WO3-2 (200 degrees C) nanorod, were selected to explore their trifunctional electrocatalytic activity towards oxygen reduction, oxygen evolution and hydrogen evolution reactions (OER, ORR, HER). The shape-specific trifunctional electrochemical study was performed over the prepared nanohybrids and it was observed that flower-shaped MoSe2/MoO3-2 nanohybrid having thin and small rod-like petals shows the best performances with smallest OER onset potential=1.1 V, high current density=350 mA cm(-2) and small OER Tafel slope of 45 mV/dec. The prepared catalyst also shows very good ORR property with more positive onset potential of 930 mV and Tafel slope of 32 mV/dec. Beside OER and ORR the catalyst shows good HER behavior, due to its small thread like active hydrogen evolution site and exhibit very low onset potential of -0.085 V with low overpotential value of 270 mV and low Tafel slope of 27 mV/dec. The prepared catalyst is free from any methanol cross-over effect and shows good durability and stability, under various extreme conditions. In addition, MoSe2/MoO3-2 based zinc-air battery has also been prepared, which shows an outstanding performance and proves their potential for energy storage and conversion based devices.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV , 2017. Vol. 33, 98-109 p.
Keyword [en]
Trifunctional electrocatalyst; Transition metal dichalcogenides; Oxygen evolution reaction, Oxygen reduction; reaction Hydrogen evolution reaction; Zinc air battery
National Category
Materials Chemistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-136302DOI: 10.1016/j.nanoen.2017.01.012ISI: 000397314200011OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-136302DiVA: diva2:1087981
Note

Funding Agencies|DST; ISM [SERB/F/2798/2016-17, SB/FT/CS-155/2012, FRS/43/2013-2014/AC, 34/14/21/2014-BRNS]; BRNS; [SR/FTP/PS157/2011]; [FRS/34/2012-2013/APH]

Available from: 2017-04-10 Created: 2017-04-10 Last updated: 2017-04-10

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Tiwari, Ashutosh
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