Colloidal metal oxide nanocrystals as charge transporting layers for solution-processed light-emitting diodes and solar cells
2017 (English)In: Chemical Society Reviews, ISSN 0306-0012, E-ISSN 1460-4744, Vol. 46, no 6, 1730-1759 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Colloidal metal oxide nanocrystals offer a unique combination of excellent low-temperature solution processability, rich and tuneable optoelectronic properties and intrinsic stability, which makes them an ideal class of materials as charge transporting layers in solution-processed light-emitting diodes and solar cells. Developing new material chemistry and custom-tailoring processing and properties of charge transporting layers based on oxide nanocrystals hold the key to boosting the efficiency and lifetime of all-solution-processed light-emitting diodes and solar cells, and thereby realizing an unprecedented generation of high-performance, low-cost, large-area and flexible optoelectronic devices. This review aims to bridge two research fields, chemistry of colloidal oxide nanocrystals and interfacial engineering of optoelectronic devices, focusing on the relationship between chemistry of colloidal oxide nanocrystals, processing and properties of charge transporting layers and device performance. Synthetic chemistry of colloidal oxide nanocrystals, ligand chemistry that may be applied to colloidal oxide nanocrystals and chemistry associated with post-deposition treatments are discussed to highlight the ability of optimizing processing and optoelectronic properties of charge transporting layers. Selected examples of solution-processed solar cells and light-emitting diodes with oxide-nanocrystal charge transporting layers are examined. The emphasis is placed on the correlation between the properties of oxide-nanocrystal charge transporting layers and device performance. Finally, three major challenges that need to be addressed in the future are outlined. We anticipate that this review will spur new material design and simulate new chemistry for colloidal oxide nanocrystals, leading to charge transporting layers and solution-processed optoelectronic devices beyond the state-of-the-art.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY , 2017. Vol. 46, no 6, 1730-1759 p.
Condensed Matter Physics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-136297DOI: 10.1039/c6cs00122jISI: 000397297600007PubMedID: 28245014OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-136297DiVA: diva2:1087984
Funding Agencies|National Key Research and Development Program of China [2016YFB0401602, 2016YFA0204000]; National Natural Science Foundation of China [51522209, 91433204, U1632118, 21571129]; Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities [2015FZA3005]; Shanghai Key Research program [16JC1402100]; Shanghai International Cooperation Project ; Carl Tryggers Stiftelse; Swedish Government Strategic Research Area in Materials Science on Functional Materials at Linko "ping University [2009-00971]2017-04-102017-04-102017-04-10