Severe fear of childbirth indicates high perinatal costs for Swedish women giving birth to their first child.
2017 (English)In: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6349, E-ISSN 1600-0412, Vol. 96, no 4, 438-446 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to calculate costs associated with severe fear of childbirth (FOC) during pregnancy and peripartum by comparing two groups of women expecting their first child and attending an ordinary antenatal program; one with low FOC and one with severe FOC.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a prospective case-control cohort study one group with low FOC [Wijma Delivery Expectancy/Experience Questionnaire (W-DEQ) sum score ≤60, n = 107] and one with severe FOC (W-DEQ ≥85, n = 43) were followed up till 3 months postpartum and included in the analysis. Medical records were assessed and medical parameters were mapped. Mean costs for healthcare consumption and sick leave during pregnancy were calculated and compared.
RESULTS: When means were compared between the groups, the group with severe FOC had more visits for psychosocial reasons (p = 0.001) and more hours on sick leave (p = 0.03) during pregnancy, and stayed longer at the maternity ward (p = 0.04). They also more seldom had normal spontaneous deliveries (p = 0.03), and more often had an elective cesarean section on maternal request (p = 0.02). Postpartum, they more often than the group with low FOC paid visits to the maternity clinic because of complications (p = 0.001) and to the antenatal unit because of adverse childbirth experiences (p = 0.001). The costs for handling women with severe FOC was 38% higher than those for women with low FOC.
CONCLUSION: Women with severe FOC generate considerably higher perinatal costs than women with low FOC when handled in care as usual.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2017. Vol. 96, no 4, 438-446 p.
Costs, W-DEQ, severe fear of childbirth
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-136484DOI: 10.1111/aogs.13091ISI: 000397384800007PubMedID: 28052318OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-136484DiVA: diva2:1088725
Funding agencies: Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare (FORTE); Medical Research Council of Southeast Sweden (FORSS); Regional Council in Ostergotland (RO); Linkoping University (LIU)2017-04-142017-04-142017-04-28