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In the name of women? Feminist readings of policies for womens entrepreneurship in Scandinavia
Swedish University of Agriculture Science, Sweden.
Jonköping University, Sweden.
Stockholm University, Sweden.
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linneaus University, Sweden.
2017 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Management, ISSN 0956-5221, E-ISSN 1873-3387, Vol. 33, no 1, 50-63 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Policy actors seeking to stimulate entrepreneurship sometimes give special attention to women. It is not given, however, that policy initiatives for women entrepreneurs necessarily contribute to gender equality, to social change for women - such as enhancing entrepreneurship as a means to womens wellbeing and financial or other independence - or to gendered change of society. We claim that the outcomes depend on the premises behind the policies. The purpose of this paper is to conduct an analysis of the feminist approaches that are taken in policies for womens entrepreneurship in the Scandinavian countries. We analyse how these policies argue for womens entrepreneurship, how they position women, and what assumptions they hold with respect to women and their businesses. We analyse and compare state-level polices that have been implemented by the national governments in three Scandinavian countries; Denmark, Norway, and Sweden, during the period 2005-2015. A comprehensive analytical tool, building on six different feminist theoretical approaches, is developed. We find that, even if a liberal feminist perspective is present, along with elements of other feminist approaches, polices give precedence to economic growth in a non-feminist fashion. Over time, economic growth becomes the key focus, while feminist approaches are silenced. We observe that, in the name of supporting women, the actual aim of policies for women entrepreneurs often seems to be economic growth, and women are seen merely as an untapped, and yet not fully adequate, resource. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER SCI LTD , 2017. Vol. 33, no 1, 50-63 p.
Keyword [en]
Feminist approach; Women; Entrepreneurship policy; Scandinavia
National Category
Gender Studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-136756DOI: 10.1016/j.scaman.2017.01.002ISI: 000397698700005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-136756DiVA: diva2:1090541
Note

Funding Agencies|Swedish Research Council

Available from: 2017-04-24 Created: 2017-04-24 Last updated: 2017-04-28

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf