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A multi-proxy reconstruction of the late Holocene climate evolution in Lake Bolgoda, Sri Lanka
University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka; University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka.
Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka; University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka.
2017 (English)In: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, ISSN 0031-0182, E-ISSN 1872-616X, Vol. 473, 16-25 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Palaeoclimate investigations in Sri Lanka have been rarely attempted despite being located directly in the path of the Inter Tropical Convergence Zone. In this study, a 4.1-m undisturbed sediment core was retrieved from the Bolgoda Lake situated in the western coast of Sri Lanka, and influenced by the strong southwest monsoons. Mollusc shells in the core were dated, and the age-depth model indicated a depositional history extending from 2941 cal yr BP to the present. Grain size, major and trace elements, total organic C and N content and stable C and N isotopes were analysed in freeze-dried sediments to reconstruct the palaeoclimate changes. The multi proxy records in the core revealed four distinct zones that show distinct variations in physical and chemical conditions in the lake associated with climate change. Zone 1 (2941 to 2390 cal yr BP; 385-252 cm) indicated the climate to be warm and humid with intense precipitation. The resulting high lake level helped in organic matter preservation in bottom sediments. Zone 2 (2390 to 1782 cal yr BP; 252-140 cm) indicated an unstable dry period associated with weak precipitation. Consequently, low lake level and intense degradation of organic matter occurred in this zone. Zone 3 (1782 to 1299 cal yr BP; 140-60 cm) indicated a resurgence of intense monsoon along with warm and humid conditions. Zone 4 (1299 cal yr BP to present; 60-0 cm) indicated dry conditions with less intense monsoon, low lake level and extensive degradation of organic matter. Vascular plants were the predominant organic matter source into the lake during the late Holocene. In contrast, algal input was significant between 2390 cal yr BP and 2153 cal yr BP. The palaeoclimate evidences in this study showed an overall weakening trend of SW monsoon during the late Holocene, and this was consistent with changes happening in other locations as in southern and western India. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV , 2017. Vol. 473, 16-25 p.
Keyword [en]
Monsoon; Organic matter; Metals; Isotopes; Palaeoclimate
National Category
Geology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-136858DOI: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2017.01.049ISI: 000398645600002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-136858DiVA: diva2:1092112
Note

Funding Agencies|Swedish Research Link Program-Asia [2012-6239]

Available from: 2017-04-30 Created: 2017-04-30 Last updated: 2017-05-19

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The full text will be freely available from 2019-02-21 15:36
Available from 2019-02-21 15:36

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