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Therapeutic Alliance in Internet-Delivered Cognitive Behaviour Therapy for Depression or Generalized Anxiety
University of Regina, Canada.
University of Regina, Canada; 715 East 12th Ave, Canada.
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Psychology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Psychology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Karolinska Institute, Department Clin Neurosci, Stockholm, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4753-6745
2017 (English)In: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, ISSN 1063-3995, E-ISSN 1099-0879, Vol. 24, no 2, 451-461 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

There has been limited research on therapeutic alliance in the context of therapist-assisted Internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy (ICBT) when delivered in clinical practice. The present study investigated therapeutic alliance in ICBT delivered to patients seeking treatment for symptoms of depression (n=83) or generalized anxiety (n=112) as part of an open dissemination trial. ICBT was provided by 27 registered therapists or 28 graduate students working in six geographically dispersed clinics; therapist-assistance was delivered primarily through secure messages and occasionally telephone calls. The Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 and Patient Health Questionnaire-9 were collected pre-, mid- and post-treatment, and the Therapeutic Alliance Questionnaire was assessed mid- and post-treatment. Therapeutic alliance ratings were high both at mid-treatment and post-treatment (above 80%). There was no relationship between therapeutic alliance ratings and improvement on primary outcomes. Among patients treated for depression, lower ratings of mid-treatment alliance were associated with concurrent treatment by a psychiatrist and fewer phone calls and emails from their therapist. Among patients treated for generalized anxiety, ratings of mid-treatment alliance were higher among registered providers as compared to graduate students. Multiple directions for future research on therapeutic alliance in ICBT are offered, including suggestions for developing a new measure of therapeutic alliance specific to ICBT and measuring therapeutic alliance throughout the treatment process. Copyright (c) 2016 John Wiley amp; Sons, Ltd.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
WILEY , 2017. Vol. 24, no 2, 451-461 p.
Keyword [en]
Depression; Generalized Anxiety; Internet delivered; Cognitive Behaviour Therapy; Therapeutic Alliance
National Category
Applied Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-137100DOI: 10.1002/cpp.2014ISI: 000399352800015PubMedID: 27060617OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-137100DiVA: diva2:1093232
Note

Funding Agencies|Canadian Institutes of Health Research [101526]; Saskatchewan Health Research Foundation

Available from: 2017-05-05 Created: 2017-05-05 Last updated: 2017-05-05

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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