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An observational study on surgically treated adult idiopathic scoliosis patients' quality of life outcomes at 1- and 2-year follow-ups and comparison to controls.
Faculty of Health Science and Medicine, Bond Institute of Health and Sport, Bond University; Department of Orthopaedics, Department of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology (CLINTEC), Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital.
Department of Orthopaedics, Department of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology (CLINTEC), Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital; Department of Orthopaedics, Sundsvall and Härnösand County Hospital.
Department of Orthopaedics, Department of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology (CLINTEC), Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital.
Department of Orthopaedics, Department of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology (CLINTEC), Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital.
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2017 (English)In: Scoliosis and spinal disorders, ISSN 2397-1789, Vol. 12, no 11Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Prospective data on health-related quality of life in patients with idiopathic scoliosis treated surgically as adults is needed. We compared preoperative and 1- and 2-year follow-up data in surgically treated adults with idiopathic scoliosis with juvenile or adolescent onset. Results were compared to untreated adults with scoliosis and population normative data.

METHODS: A comparison of preoperative and 1- and 2-year follow-up data of 75 adults surgically treated for idiopathic scoliosis at a mean age of 28 years (range 18 to 69) from a prospective national register study, as well as a comparison with age- and sex-matched data from 75 untreated adults with less severe scoliosis and 75 adults without scoliosis, was made. Outcome measures were EuroQol-5 dimensions (EQ-5D) and Scoliosis Research Society (SRS)-22r questionnaire.

RESULTS: In the surgically treated, EQ-5D and SRS-22r scores had statistically significant improvements at both 1- and 2-year follow-ups (all p  < 0.015). The effect size of surgery on EQ-5D at 1-year follow-up was large (r = -0.54) and small-medium (r = -0.20) at 2-year follow-up. The effect size of surgery on SRS-22r outcomes was medium-large at 1- and 2-year follow-ups (r = -0.43 and r = -0.42 respectively). At the 2-year follow-up, the EQ-5D score and the SRS-22r subscore were similar to the untreated scoliosis group (p = 0.56 and p = 0.91 respectively), but lower than those in the adults without scoliosis (p < 0.001 for both comparisons).

CONCLUSIONS: Adults with idiopathic scoliosis experience an increase in health-related quality of life following surgery at 2-year follow-up, approaching the health-related quality of life of untreated individuals with less severe scoliosis, but remain lower than normative population data.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central, 2017. Vol. 12, no 11
Keyword [en]
Adults, Idiopathic, Scoliosis, Surgery
National Category
Orthopedics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-136689DOI: 10.1186/s13013-017-0118-yPubMedID: 28413830OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-136689DiVA: diva2:1095092
Available from: 2017-05-12 Created: 2017-05-12 Last updated: 2017-06-06Bibliographically approved

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