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Ionic Thermoelectric Figure of Merit for Charging of Supercapacitors
Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics and Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics and Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics and Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
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2017 (English)In: ADVANCED ELECTRONIC MATERIALS, ISSN 2199-160X, Vol. 3, no 4, article id 1700013Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Thermoelectric materials enable conversion of heat to electrical energy. The performance of electronic thermoelectric materials is typically evaluated using a figure of merit ZT = sigma alpha 2T/lambda, where sigma is the conductivity, alpha is the so-called Seebeck coefficient, and lambda is the thermal conductivity. However, it has been unclear how to best evaluate the performance of ionic thermoelectric materials, like ionic solids and electrolytes. These systems cannot be directly used in a traditional thermoelectric generator, because they are based on ions that cannot pass the interface between the thermoelectric material and external metal electrodes. Instead, energy can be harvested from the ionic thermoelectric effect by charging a supercapacitor. In this study, the authors investigate the ionic thermoelectric properties at varied relative humidity for the polyelectrolyte polystyrene sulfonate sodium and correlate these properties with the charging efficiency when used in an ionic thermoelectric supercapacitor (ITESC). In analogy with electronic thermoelectric generators, the results show that the charging efficiency of the ITESC can be quantitatively related to the figure of merit ZT(i) = sigma i alpha i2T/lambda. This means that the performance of ionic thermoelectric materials can also be compared and predicted based on the ZT, which will be highly valuable in the design of high-performance ITESCs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
WILEY , 2017. Vol. 3, no 4, article id 1700013
National Category
Other Materials Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-137393DOI: 10.1002/aelm.201700013ISI: 000399448600014OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-137393DiVA, id: diva2:1096678
Note

Funding Agencies|European Research Council (ERC-starting-grant) [307596]; Swedish Government Strategic Research Area in Materials Science on Functional Materials at Linkoping University (Faculty Grant SFO-Mat-LiU) [2009 00971]

Available from: 2017-05-18 Created: 2017-05-18 Last updated: 2017-06-07

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