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Chronic pain and sex-differences; women accept and move, while men feel blue
University of Gothenburg, Sweden; Danderyd Hospital, Sweden; Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
University of Gothenburg, Sweden; Ersta Skondal University of Coll, Sweden.
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Pain and Rehabilitation Center.
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2017 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 12, no 4, e0175737Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose The aim of this study is to explore differences between male and female patients entering a rehabilitation program at a pain clinic in order to gain a greater understanding of different approaches to be used in rehabilitation. Method 1371 patients referred to a specialty pain rehabilitation clinic, completed sociodemographic and pain related questionnaires. They rated their pain acceptance (CPAQ-8), their kinesiophobia (TSK), the impact of pain in their life (MPI), anxiety and depression levels (HAD) and quality of life scales: the SF-36, LiSat-11, and the EQ-5D. Because of the large sample size of the study, the significance level was set at the p amp;lt;= .01. Results Analysis by t-test showed that when both sexes experience the same pain severity, women report significantly higher activity level, pain acceptance and social support while men report higher kinesiophobia, mood disturbances and lower activity level. Conclusion Pain acceptance (CPAQ-8) and kinesiophobia (TSK) showed the clearest differences between men and women. Pain acceptance and kinesiophobia are behaviorally defined and have the potential to be changed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE , 2017. Vol. 12, no 4, e0175737
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Other Medical Sciences not elsewhere specified
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URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-137860DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0175737ISI: 000400308800010PubMedID: 28441403OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-137860DiVA: diva2:1105041
Note

Funding Agencies|Swedish Association of Local Authorities and Regions (SALAR); Vardal Foundation; RehSAM; AFA insurance, Sweden; Swedish Association for Survivors of Accident and Injury (RTP); Renee Eanders Foundation

Available from: 2017-06-02 Created: 2017-06-02 Last updated: 2017-06-02

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Gerdle, BjörnBörsbo, Björn
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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