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Self-perceived taste disturbance: a 20-year prospective study of a Swedish 1942 birth cohort
Regional Örebro County, Sweden; Örebro University, Sweden.
Region Östergötland, Public Dental Health Care. Malmö University, Sweden.
2017 (English)In: Gerodontology, ISSN 0734-0664, E-ISSN 1741-2358, Vol. 34, no 2, 180-186 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of dental care factors, general health factors and socio-economic factors on perceived taste disturbance (PTD) over time and to assess the stability of or change in PTD in a panel of individuals as they progressed from middle age (50 years) to early old age (70 years). Materials and methods: Data collection was conducted from a cohort study beginning in 1992, when the participants were 50 years old, and again 5, 10, 15 and 20 years later. Stability and change in PTD were described using cross-tabulation. Perceived taste disturbance over the 20-year survey period was modelled using the generalised estimating equation (GEE). Results: The prevalence of PTD during a 5-year period found in this study ranged from 2.4 to 2.9%, the latter in individuals between 60 and 70 years of age. Women generally had PTD more often than men. The longitudinal analysis showed that problems with bad breath (OR = 3.6), blisters (OR = 3.4), burning mouth (OR = 3.4) and self-perceived health (OR = 2.7) were the most important factors explaining PTD. Conclusions: This study showed that PTD does not increase between 50 and 70 years of age in ordinary community-living individuals. There were no long-term impacts on PTD over time from socio-economic factors, and over time, there were a limited number of factors contributing to the effect. Bad breath, blisters, burning mouth and self-perceived health are important factors for the dentist to discuss with the patient in the case of PTD.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
WILEY , 2017. Vol. 34, no 2, 180-186 p.
Keyword [en]
longitudinal study; older people; oral health; PTD
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-137831DOI: 10.1111/ger.12244ISI: 000400306000005PubMedID: 27500585OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-137831DiVA: diva2:1105250
Note

Funding Agencies|Department of Dentistry, Region Orebro County; Dental Commissioning Unit, Region Ostergotland County

Available from: 2017-06-02 Created: 2017-06-02 Last updated: 2017-06-02

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
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  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
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