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Grammaticalization, (inter)subjectification, and sequencing of actions: the Estonian epistemic (question) particle ega
Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Language and Culture. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2175-8710
Tartu University, Estonia.
2017 (English)In: Linguistica Uralica, ISSN 0868-4731, E-ISSN 1736-7506, Vol. 53, no 2, 81-104 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The paper studies the semantic-pragmatic and syntactic development of the negation verb/word ei + the adverb kaas ’together, also’ into an epistemic marker and particle ega. Ega has been described as a coordinating conjunction, a marker of negation and a question word in Estonian grammars and we will show how these diverse usages come together on a timeline from the earliest written sources to present-day conversation. Ega has first been grammaticalized into a conjunction and then into an emphatic epistemic marker indicating speaker certainty as well as opposition with prior discourse. It is now being reanalyzed as a question word in cases where the negative proposition concerns matters that belong to the interlocutor’s area of competence. The study shows that inter- actional sequencing of actions may provide a crucial clue for the process of (inter)subjectification. It also proposes a novel cline of grammaticalization for a question word, and thus illustrates the benefits of combining the methods of conversation analysis and historical linguistics. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 53, no 2, 81-104 p.
Keyword [en]
Estonian, grammaticalization, epistemic marker, (inter)subjectification, conversational sequence, negation, question word
National Category
Specific Languages
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-138017DOI: 10.3176/lu.2017.2.01OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-138017DiVA: diva2:1105886
Available from: 2017-06-05 Created: 2017-06-05 Last updated: 2017-06-15Bibliographically approved

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Publisher's full texthttp://www.kirj.ee/public/Linguistica_Uralica/2017/issue_2/ling-2017-2-81-105.pdf

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf