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Globaliseringens effekt på lönekvoten mellan hög- och lågutbildade arbetstagare: Empiriska bevis från svenska tillverkningsindustrier
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economics.
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economics.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Globalization's effect on wage ratio between high- and low educated workers : Empirical evidence from Swedish manufacturing industries (English)
Abstract [sv]

Globalisering har de senaste decennierna fått en allt växande betydelse för en liten öppen ekonomi som Sverige. På grund av ökad konkurrens från utlandet har den svenska arbetsmarknaden genomgått stora förändringar. Med anledning av detta är syftet med denna uppsats att inom den svenska tillverkningsindustrin analysera hur globalisering påverkar lönekvoten mellan hög- och lågutbildad arbetskraft. Vidare syftar uppsatsen till att jämföra om globalisering har påverkat lönekvoten i kapital- respektive arbetskraftsintensiva företag olika. Syftet har undersökts med en ekonometrisk metod, där paneldata från 14 olika näringsgrenar för tidsperioden 1995–2005 har använts. Outsourcing används som en proxyvariabel för globalisering. Resultaten indikerar att i) Outsourcing har ett positivt samband på lönekvoten i tillverkningsindustrin under tidsperioden ii) Kvoten har påverkats då löner för högutbildade har stigit till följd outsourcing iii) Outsourcing har medfört att lönekvoten i kapitalintensiva företag växer snabbare än i arbetskraftsintensiva företag. 

Abstract [en]

In the last decades, the importance of globalization has been growing, especially for a small open economy like Sweden. Due to increased competition from foreign countries, the Swedish labour market has been experiencing major changes. The purpose with this paper is therefore to analyze how globalization has influenced the wage ratio between high- and low educated workers in the Swedish manufacturing sector. The purpose is also to study if there are any differences in how globalization affects the wage ratio between capital intensive and labour intensive companies. Using econometrics, panel data from 14 different industries during the time period of 1995-2005, have been analyzed. Outsourcing works as a proxy variable for globalization. The results indicate that i) Outsourcing has had a positive effect on the wage ratio in the manufacturing industry ii) The wage ratio has been affected due to a positive relationship between outsourcing and the wages of high educated workers iii) As a result of outsourcing, the wage ratio of capital intensive companies increases faster than the ones of labour intensive companies. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 32
Keywords [en]
globalization, outsourcing, wage inequality, intermediate goods
Keywords [sv]
Globalisering, lönekvot, outsourcing, intermediära varor
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-138162ISRN: LIU-IEI-FIL-G--17/01691—SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-138162DiVA, id: diva2:1108265
Subject / course
Bachelor Thesis in Economics
Presentation
2017-06-08, Linköping, 12:33 (Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-06-26 Created: 2017-06-12 Last updated: 2017-06-26Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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