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Metaproteomics-guided selection of targeted enzymes for bioprospecting of mixed microbial communities
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Chemistry. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Chemistry. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Chemistry. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Chemistry. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. InZymes Biotech AB, Gjuterigatan 1B, S-58273 Linkoping, Sweden.
2017 (English)In: Biotechnology for Biofuels, ISSN 1754-6834, E-ISSN 1754-6834, Vol. 10, 128Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Hitherto, the main goal of metaproteomic analyses has been to characterize the functional role of particular microorganisms in the microbial ecology of various microbial communities. Recently, it has been suggested that metaproteomics could be used for bioprospecting microbial communities to query for the most active enzymes to improve the selection process of industrially relevant enzymes. In the present study, to reduce the complexity of metaproteomic samples for targeted bioprospecting of novel enzymes, a microbial community capable of producing cellulases was maintained on a chemically defined medium in an enzyme suppressed metabolic steady state. From this state, it was possible to specifically and distinctively induce the desired cellulolytic activity. The extracellular fraction of the protein complement of the induced sample could thereby be purified and compared to a non-induced sample of the same community by differential gel electrophoresis to discriminate between constitutively expressed proteins and proteins upregulated in response to the inducing substance. Results: Using the applied approach, downstream analysis by mass spectrometry could be limited to only proteins recognized as upregulated in the cellulase-induced sample. Of 39 selected proteins, the majority were found to be linked to the need to degrade, take up, and metabolize cellulose. In addition, 28 (72%) of the proteins were non-cytosolic and 17 (44%) were annotated as carbohydrate-active enzymes. The results demonstrated both the applicability of the proposed approach for identifying extracellular proteins and guiding the selection of proteins toward those specifically upregulated and targeted by the enzyme inducing substance. Further, because identification of interesting proteins was based on the regulation of enzyme expression in response to a need to hydrolyze and utilize a specific substance, other unexpected enzyme activities were able to be identified. Conclusions: The described approach created the conditions necessary to be able to select relevant extracellular enzymes that were extracted from the enzyme-induced microbial community. However, for the purpose of bioprospecting for enzymes to clone, produce, and characterize for practical applications, it was concluded that identification against public databases was not sufficient to identify the correct gene or protein sequence for cloning of the identified novel enzymes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BIOMED CENTRAL LTD , 2017. Vol. 10, 128
Keyword [en]
Biofuel; Metaproteome; Bioprospecting; Microbial community; Enzyme discovery; Induction; Extracellular; Cellulase; Biogas; Protein inference
National Category
Microbiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-138249DOI: 10.1186/s13068-017-0815-zISI: 000401621100001PubMedID: 28523076OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-138249DiVA: diva2:1109375
Note

Funding Agencies|Swedish Research Council [621-2009-4150]

Available from: 2017-06-14 Created: 2017-06-14 Last updated: 2017-06-14

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Speda, JuttaJonsson, Bengt-HaraldCarlsson, UnoKarlsson, Martin
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CiteExportLink to record
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