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The Impact of Zero Coming into Fashion: Zero Liquid Discharge Uptake and Socio-Technical Transitions in Tirupur
SIWI, Sweden.
Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research, CSPR.
2017 (English)In: Water Alternatives, ISSN 1965-0175, E-ISSN 1965-0175, Vol. 10, no 2, 602-624 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The textile industry is one of the major industrial polluters, and water recycling is yet far from being standard practice. Wastewater generation remains a serious and growing problem, affecting ecosystems, human health and freshwater availability for other uses. India is the worlds third largest exporter of textiles and the sector directly employs 45 million people. This case study explores the socio-technical transition of Tirupur, a textile cluster dubbed as the first in India to shift to zero liquid discharge (ZLD) in a systematic manner. It traces a path towards increased environmental sustainability that takes off in a time characterised by no effluent treatment, to the advanced approach to wastewater handling that was the norm in 2016. By adding a multi-scalar perspective, light is shed on where the system changes emerged that inspired key actors during various phases of the defining 35 years. The process towards ZLD becoming best practice involves conflicts, adaptation, resistance, and vast socioeconomic losses. Eventually, innovative ideas and artefacts replaced old practices, and effluent discharge has become a symbol of noncompliance. Farmers movements, authority directions and court orders drove the development, which came to inform a policy shift to mainstream water recovery in the textiles industry.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Water Alternatives Association , 2017. Vol. 10, no 2, 602-624 p.
Keyword [en]
Zero liquid discharge; sustainable textiles; water recycling; wastewater treatment; Tirupur; India
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-139183ISI: 000403232300022Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85020304021OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-139183DiVA: diva2:1120188
Note

Funding Agencies|Swedish Research Council Formas [2014-8646-27375-33]

Available from: 2017-07-05 Created: 2017-07-05 Last updated: 2017-08-27Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
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  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf