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Position and Trajectory Control of a Quadcopter Using PID and LQ Controllers
Linköping University, Department of Electrical Engineering, Automatic Control.
2017 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

This thesis describes the work done to implement and develop position and trajectory control of a quadcopter. The quadcopter was originally equipped with sensors and software to estimate and control the quadcopter's orientation, but did not estimate the current position. A GPS module, GPS antenna and a LIDAR have been added to measure the position in three dimensions. Filters have been implemented and developed to estimate the position, velocity and acceleration. Four controllers have been designed that use these estimates: one PID controller and one LQ controller for vertical movement, and a position controller and a trajectory controller for horizontal movement. The position controller maintains a constant position, while the trajectory controller maintains a constant velocity while travelling along a straight line. These position and trajectory controllers calculate the reference angles required to direct the thrust necessary to control the quadcopter's movement. Additionally, an algorithm has been developed to decrease overshoot by predicting future trajectories. These controllers have proven to be successful at controlling the quadcopter's position in all three dimensions, both in practice during outdoor flight and in simulations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 69
Keywords [en]
lqr, pid, gps, imu, lidar, quadcopter, black-box, trajectory, kalman filter, ekf
National Category
Control Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-139498ISRN: LiTH-ISY-EX--17/5075--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-139498DiVA, id: diva2:1129641
External cooperation
SAAB Dynamics
Subject / course
Automatic Control
Presentation
2017-06-15, Algoritmen, 10:15 (Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-08-09 Created: 2017-08-04 Last updated: 2017-08-09Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf