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Excitonic, vibrational, and van der Waals interactions in electron energy loss spectroscopy
University of Tokyo, Japan.
University of Tokyo, Japan.
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
2017 (English)In: Ultramicroscopy, ISSN 0304-3991, E-ISSN 1879-2723, Vol. 180, 93-103 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The pioneer, Ondrej L. Krivanek, and his collaborators have opened up many frontiers for the electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS), and they have demonstrated new potentials of the EELS method for investigating materials. Here, inspired by those achievements, we show further potentials of EELS based on the results of theoretical calculations, that is excitonic and van der Waals (vdW) interactions, as well as vibrational information of materials. Concerning the excitonic interactions, we highlight the importance of the two-particle calculation to reproduce the low energy-loss near-edge structure (ELNES), the Na-L-2,L-3 edge of Nal and the Li-K edge of LiCI and LiFePO4. Furthermore, an unusually strong excitonic interaction at the O-K edge of perovskite oxides, SrTiO3 and LaAlO3, is shown. The effect of the vdW interaction in the ELNES is also investigated, and we observe that the magnitude of the vdW effect is approximately 0.1 eV in the case of the ELNES from a solid and liquid, whereas its effect is almost negligible in the case of the ELNES from the gaseous phase owing to the long inter-molecular distance. In addition to the static information, the influence of the dynamic behavior of atoms in materials to EELS is also investigated. We show that measurements of the infrared spectrum are possible by using a modern monochromator system. Furthermore, an estimation of the atomic vibration in core-loss ELNES is also presented. We show the acquisition of vibrational information using the ELNES of liquid methanol and acetic acid, solid Al2O3, and oxygen gas. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV , 2017. Vol. 180, 93-103 p.
Keyword [en]
Excitonic interaction; Li-ion battery; van der Waals interaction; Vibrational information; Gas and liquid; First principles calculation
National Category
Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-139381DOI: 10.1016/j.ultramic.2017.03.003ISI: 000404203500012PubMedID: 28285731OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-139381DiVA: diva2:1129867
Note

Funding Agencies|Mitsubishi Science Foundation [27143]; MEXT [25106003, 26630302, 26249092]; Japan Society for the Promotion of Science JSPS [15J11146]; JST-PRESTO; Swedish Government Strategic Research Area in Materials Science on Functional Materials at Linkoping University (Faculty Grant SFO-Mat-LiU) [2009 00971]; Knut and Alice Wallenbergs Foundation

Available from: 2017-08-07 Created: 2017-08-07 Last updated: 2017-08-07

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