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Driving forces and obstacles to nuclear cogeneration in Europe: Lessons learnt from Finland
University of Paris Saclay, France.
University of Paris Saclay, France.
University of Leeds, England.
Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7694-7397
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2017 (English)In: Energy Policy, ISSN 0301-4215, E-ISSN 1873-6777, Vol. 107, 138-150 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Nuclear power plants generate electricity and a large amount of waste heat which is valuable for cogeneration. District heating (DH) is a suitable technology to decarbonize the European heat sector. By contrast with most of nuclear non-electric applications, nuclear district heating (NDH) has already been implemented in Europe, thus providing us with some valuable empirical insights. This paper investigates the forces and obstacles to nuclear cogeneration by looking at the Loviisa 3 NDH project in Finland. The key forces are energy efficiency, decarbonization of the heat sector, operational competitiveness of future nuclear technologies, and synergies with renewable energies. The key obstacles are split incentives, electricity prices volatility, inexpediency of business models and regulatory frameworks, electioneering of local authorities and pessimist expectations with regards to project financing. Policy makers should recognize nuclear plants alongside other utilities generating large amounts of wasted heat. International cooperation programs involving both nuclear and heat stakeholders should be encouraged. EU28 Member States wanting to promote nuclear cogeneration may consider providing support for the electricity generated by high-efficiency plants.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER SCI LTD , 2017. Vol. 107, 138-150 p.
Keyword [en]
Nuclear; Cogeneration; District heating; Energy megaproject; Sustainability; Finland
National Category
Energy Systems
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-139533DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2017.04.025ISI: 000405158200014OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-139533DiVA: diva2:1130169
Available from: 2017-08-08 Created: 2017-08-08 Last updated: 2017-08-08

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf