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Refining the Deep Brain Stimulation Target within the Limbic Globus Pallidus Internus for Tourette Syndrome
Unit of Functional Neurosurgery, Sobell Department of Motor Neuroscience, UCL Institute of Neurology, London, UK.
Unit of Functional Neurosurgery, Sobell Department of Motor Neuroscience, UCL Institute of Neurology, London, UK.
Linköping University, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Division of Biomedical Engineering. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. (MINT)
Unit of Functional Neurosurgery, Sobell Department of Motor Neuroscience, UCL Institute of Neurology, London, UK.
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2017 (English)In: Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery, ISSN 1011-6125, E-ISSN 1423-0372, Vol. 95, no 4, p. 251-258Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) in patients with severe, refractory Tourette syndrome (TS) has demonstrated promising but variable results thus far. The thalamus and anteromedial globus pallidus internus (amGPi) have been the most commonly stimulated sites within the cortico-striato thalamic circuit, but an optimal target is yet to be elucidated.

OBJECTIVES: This study of 15 patients with long-term amGPi DBS for severe TS investigated whether a specific anatomical site within the amGPi correlated with optimal clinical outcome for the measures of tics, obsessive compulsive behaviour (OCB), and mood.

METHODS: Validated clinical assessments were used to measure tics, OCB, quality of life, anxiety, and depression before DBS and at the latest follow-up (17-82 months). Electric field simulations were created for each patient using information on electrode location and individual stimulation parameters. A subsequent regression analysis correlated these patient-specific simulations to percentage changes in outcome measures in order to identify any significant voxels related to clinical improvement.

RESULTS: A region within the ventral limbic GPi, specifically on the medial medullary lamina in the pallidum at the level of the AC-PC, was significantly associated with improved tics but not mood or OCB outcome.

CONCLUSIONS: This study adds further support to the application of DBS in a tic-related network, though factors such as patient sample size and clinical heterogeneity remain as limitations and replication is required.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
S. Karger, 2017. Vol. 95, no 4, p. 251-258
Keywords [en]
Deep brain stimulation, Globus pallidus internus, Modelling, Simulation, Tourette syndrome
National Category
Medical Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-139857DOI: 10.1159/000478273ISI: 000410846200006PubMedID: 28787721Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85027141067OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-139857DiVA, id: diva2:1134031
Note

Funding agencies: National Institute of Health Research (NIHR) Biomedical Research Centre at the UCL Institute of Neurology and UCLH-National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, London, UK; Swedish Research Council (Vetenskapsradet) [2016-03564]; Swedish Foundation fo

Available from: 2017-08-17 Created: 2017-08-17 Last updated: 2017-10-05Bibliographically approved

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Johansson, JohannesWårdell, Karin

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