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Synthesis of Ti3AuC2, Ti3Au2C2 and Ti3IrC2 by noble metal substitution reaction in Ti3SiC2 for high-temperature-stable Ohmic contacts to SiC
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3203-7935
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2017 (English)In: Nature Materials, ISSN 1476-1122, E-ISSN 1476-4660, Vol. 16, no 8, 814-818 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The large class of layered ceramics encompasses both van der Waals (vdW) and non-vdW solids. While intercalation of noble metals in vdW solids is known, formation of compounds by incorporation of noble-metal layers in non-vdW layered solids is largely unexplored. Here, we show formation of Ti3AuC2 and Ti3Au2C2 phases with up to 31% lattice swelling by a substitutional solid-state reaction of Au into Ti3SiC2 single-crystal thin films with simultaneous out-diffusion of Si. Ti3IrC2 is subsequently produced by a substitution reaction of Ir for Au in Ti3Au2C2. These phases form Ohmic electrical contacts to SiC and remain stable after 1,000 h of ageing at 600 degrees C in air. The present results, by combined analytical electron microscopy and ab initio calculations, open avenues for processing of noble-metal-containing layered ceramics that have not been synthesized from elemental sources, along with tunable properties such as stable electrical contacts for high-temperature power electronics or gas sensors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP , 2017. Vol. 16, no 8, 814-818 p.
National Category
Condensed Matter Physics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-139912DOI: 10.1038/NMAT4896ISI: 000406424600012PubMedID: 28459444OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-139912DiVA: diva2:1135457
Note

Funding Agencies|VINN Excellence Center in research and innovation on Functional Nanoscale Materials (FunMat) by the Swedish Governmental Agency for Innovation Systems (VINNOVA); Swedish Government Strategic Research Areas in Materials Science on Functional Materials at Linkoping University [2009 00971]; Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research through the Future Research Leaders 5 Program; Synergy Grant FUNCASE, Functional Carbides and Advanced Surface Engineering; e-Science Research Centre (SeRC); Swedish Research Council (VR) [2014-4750]; European Research Council under the European Community [335383]; Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation

Available from: 2017-08-23 Created: 2017-08-23 Last updated: 2017-09-13

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The full text will be freely available from 2017-11-01 16:33
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