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Individual metering and debiting (IMD) in Sweden: A qualitative long-term follow-up study of householders water-use routines
Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
2017 (English)In: Energy Policy, ISSN 0301-4215, E-ISSN 1873-6777, Vol. 108, 344-354 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The EU Energy Efficiency Directive (2012/27/EU) emphasises individual metering and debiting (IMD) of energy and hot water to reduce households usage. Householders respond in different ways to IMD. Studies on aggregated water demand before and after IMD show a range of results from about 15% increased usage to 50% less. Little is known of the long-term durability of routine change. This article describes and qualitatively analyses the short- and long-term impacts of IMD on householders water-use routines. A combination of time diaries, interviews, metering data and simple observations was used for the study of seven households. The households were studied at the introduction of IMD and after 5-17 months of experience; five of these households also participated in a follow-up study a decade later. The study shows that routines changed early, when households were informed about the new option that IMD provided and when getting billed. The routines were kept over time. Later changes in water usage related to changes in household composition and everyday activities and were not attributable to IMD. Implementers of IMD are advised to be careful in the introduction phase, e.g. when constructing debiting norms, performing information activities, and giving other feedback to the households.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER SCI LTD , 2017. Vol. 108, 344-354 p.
Keyword [en]
Water use; Hot water; Household; Routines; IMD; Smart metering
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-140041DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2017.06.005ISI: 000406725800034OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-140041DiVA: diva2:1136705
Note

Funding Agencies|Swedish Research Council Formas [2008-1335]

Available from: 2017-08-29 Created: 2017-08-29 Last updated: 2017-08-29

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Köhler, Helena
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Tema Environmental ChangeFaculty of Arts and Sciences
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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf