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Noticing Breaches with Nonpolar Interrogatives: Estonian Kes (“Who”) Ascribing Responsibility for Problematic Conduct
Institute of Estonian and General Linguistics, University of Tartu, Estonia.
Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Language and Culture. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2175-8710
2017 (English)In: Research on Language and Social Interaction, ISSN 0835-1813, E-ISSN 1532-7973, Vol. 50, no 3, 286-306 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article targets action formation in multimodal sequences. It shows how nonpolar interrogatives in Estonian are used for noticing breaches in others’ embodied conduct, focusing on kes (“who”)-interrogatives. In contrast to information questions with kes, a “noticing of a breach” does not seek an informative answer, which would be an identification of the grammatical actor of the action depicted in the interrogative. The actor is instead the addressee of the turn, often called by name, and thus clear to everyone present. These “rhetorical” kes-interrogatives formulate a just-observed conduct as problematic, and attribute responsibility for it. Since they call for either a remedy of the (embodied) conduct or a contesting of the blame as the next action, noticing breaches marginally qualify as directive actions. At the same time, they do not explicitly provide any guidelines for the future. The study argues that to determine function in language, it is necessary to study grammatical structures in their temporally emerging and embodied activity contexts. The data are Estonian with English translation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2017. Vol. 50, no 3, 286-306 p.
Keyword [en]
interactional linguistics, noticing, directives, Estonian, wh-questions, rhetorical questions
National Category
Languages and Literature
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-140153DOI: 10.1080/08351813.2017.1340721Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85026873341OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-140153DiVA: diva2:1137767
Available from: 2017-09-01 Created: 2017-09-01 Last updated: 2017-09-21Bibliographically approved

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The full text will be freely available from 2019-02-04 16:28
Available from 2019-02-04 16:28

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf