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Automating the Self-Scheduling Process of Nurses in Swedish Healthcare: A Pilot Study
Linköping University, Department of Mathematics, Optimization . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
Linköping University, Department of Mathematics, Optimization . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2094-7376
2008 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Hospital wards need to be staffed by nurses round the clock, resultingin irregular working hours for many nurses. Over the years, thenurses' influence on the scheduling have been increased in order toimprove their working conditions. In Sweden it is common to apply a kindof self-scheduling where each nurse individually proposes a schedule,and then the final schedule is determined through informalnegotiations between the nurses. This kind of self-scheduling is verytime-consuming and does often lead to conflicts.We present a pilot study which aims at determining if it is possibleto create an optimisation tool that automatically delivers a usableschedule based on the schedules proposed by the nurses. The study isperformed at a typical Swedish nursing ward, for which we havedeveloped a mathematical model and delivered schedules. The results ofthis study are very promising.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. , 29 p.
Series
LiTH-MAT-R, ISSN 0348-2960 ; 2008:8
Keyword [en]
nurse scheduling, integer linear programming
National Category
Computational Mathematics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-57562OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-57562DiVA: diva2:113789
Available from: 2008-10-28 Created: 2008-10-27 Last updated: 2013-08-30Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Methods and Applications in Integer Programming: All-Integer Column Generation and Nurse Scheduling
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Methods and Applications in Integer Programming: All-Integer Column Generation and Nurse Scheduling
2008 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Integer programming can be used to provide solutionsto complex decision and planning problems occurring in a wide varietyof situations. Applying integer programming to a real life problembasically involves a first phase where a mathematical model isconstructed, and a second phase where the problem described by themodel is solved. While the nature of the challenges involved in therespective two phases differ, the strong relationship between theproperties of models, and which methods that are appropriate for theirsolution, links the two phases. This thesis constitutes of threepapers, of which the third one considers the modeling phase, while thefirst and second one consider the solution phase.

 

Many applications of column generation yield master problems of setpartitioning type, and the first and second papers presentmethodologies for solving such problems. The characteristics of themethodologies presented are that all successively found solutions arefeasible and integral, where the retention of integrality is a majordistinction from other column generation methods presented in theliterature.

 

The third paper concerns nurse scheduling and describes the results ofa pilot implementation of a scheduling tool at a Swedish nursing ward.This paper focuses on the practical aspects of modeling and thechallenges of providing a solution to a complex real life problem.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2008. 16 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Thesis, ISSN 0280-7971 ; 1383
Keyword
integer programming, column generation, set partitioning problems, quasi-integrality, nurse scheduling
National Category
Computational Mathematics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-15143 (URN)978-91-7393-760-3 (ISBN)
Presentation
2008-11-21, Glashuset, Hus B, Campus Valla, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 13:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2008-11-05 Created: 2008-10-30 Last updated: 2013-08-30Bibliographically approved

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Rönnberg, ElinaLarsson, Torbjörn

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