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Women’s Mobility and the Situational Conditions of Rape: Cases Reported to Hospitals
KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Samhällsplanering och miljö, Urbana och regionala studier..ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5302-1698
University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA.
Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Media and Information Technology. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4761-8601
2017 (English)In: Journal of Interpersonal Violence, ISSN 0886-2605, E-ISSN 1552-6518Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A third of all rapes in Stockholm, the capital of Sweden, take place in public outdoor places. Yet, little is known about the events that precede this type of sexual offence and less about the situational context of rape. This study aims to improve the understanding of the nature of situational conditions that immediately precede events of rape. Using medical records of 147 rape victims during 2012 and 2013, we constructed time- and place-specific records of the places women traveled through or spent time at, the activities they engaged in, and the people they interacted with sequentially over the course of the day when they were raped. The analysis uses visualization tools (VISUAL-TimePAcTS), Geographical Information Systems, and conditional logistic regression to identify place-, context-, and social interaction–related factors associated with the onset of rape. Results for this sample of cases reported to hospitals show that being outdoors was not necessarily riskier for women when compared with indoor public settings; some outdoor environments were actually protective, such as streets. Being in a risky social context and engaging in a risky activity before the event was associated with an increased risk of rape, and the risk escalated over the day. Among those women who never drank alcohol, the results were similar to what was observed in the overall sample, which suggests that risky social interaction and risky activity made independent contributions to the risk of rape. The article finishes with suggestions for rape prevention.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2017.
Keyword [en]
sexual violence, visualization techniques, GIS, case-crossover design
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-140190DOI: 10.1177/0886260517699950OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-140190DiVA: diva2:1137994
Available from: 2017-09-03 Created: 2017-09-03 Last updated: 2017-09-07Bibliographically approved

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Ceccato, VaniaVrotsou, Katerina
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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