Optimization of iterative reconstruction methods for improving the contrast-to-noise ratio in PET exams
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
A Positive Electron Tomography/Computed Tomography devise was installed in the X-ray section at US Linköping in May 2007. Positive Electron Tomography examinations with 18F-fluoro-deoxyglucose are mainly used for tumor examinations. During 2007 occurred approximately 200 examinations and in 2008 600 are planned.Today there are two reconstruction methods commercially available, Filtered Back projection and Maximum Likelihood Expectation Maximiza tion, used in the faster version called Ordered Subsets Expectation Maximization. The image quality in Positive Electron Tomography depends on the choice of reconstruction method and the settings of its parameters. We have performed a physical phantom study with Positive Electron Tomography to determine optimal parameters for the iterativereconstruction algorithm Ordered Subsets Expectation Maximization. To find out whether or not the quality of the image can be improved, so that the patient received radiation dose and/or examination time can be lowered. The phantom used was a NEMA IEC Body PhantomTM, designed to mimic small hot lesions typicalin 18F, Fluorine-18 PET, and all calculations were done according to the NEMA NU2-2001 protocol.
The main conclusion from this project is that a higher level of contrastcan be reached, compared to the one clinically obtained today. Using more iterations then recommended from the manufacturer.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. , 57 p.
PET, OSEM, image recontruction, NEMA, medical imaging
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-15374ISRN: LiTH-IMT/BIT30-A-EX–-08/467–-SEISBN: LiTH-IMT/BIT30-A-EX–-08/467–-SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-15374DiVA: diva2:114063
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