BIS does not predict dreams reported after anaesthesia
2008 (English)In: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-5172, E-ISSN 1399-6576, Vol. 52, no 6, 810-814 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: In earlier studies, between 1% and 57% of patients have been reported to dream during anaesthesia. Thus, dreaming is much more common than definite memories of real events. We wanted to examine whether dreaming during anaesthesia is related to insufficient hypnotic action, as indicated by BIS levels and, thus, may constitute a risk for awareness.
Methods: After IRB approval, 2653 consecutive surgical patients were included. BIS registrations were recorded continuously during the anaesthetic procedure. The patients were interviewed on three occasions after anaesthesia. Standard questions, according to Brice, to evaluate awareness and dreaming during anaesthesia were asked. The dreams were categorized as either pleasant/neutral or unpleasant without any further evaluation of the dream content. Episodes with a mean BIS below 40, above 60 and above 70 were identified and subdivided according to duration (1, 2, 4 and 6 min, respectively). The total time as well as number and duration of episodes for the three BIS-levels were used to analyze any relation to reported dreaming. The mean BIS was also analyzed.
Results: Dreaming during anaesthesia was reported by 211 of patients (8.0%) on at least one of the post-operative interviews. BIS data did not show any significant correlation with dreaming, and neither did any of the tested case-specific parameters (gender, age, ASA group, BMI, use of relaxants, induction agent, maintenance agent, length of procedure, omitting N2O and concomitant regional anaesthesia).
Conclusion: Dreaming during anaesthesia seems to be a separate phenomenon, not in general related to insufficient anaesthesia as indicated by high BIS levels.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Malden, MA, USA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2008. Vol. 52, no 6, 810-814 p.
Dreams, general anaesthesia, BIS
Anesthesiology and Intensive Care
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-15407DOI: 10.1111/j.1399-6576.2008.01633.xISI: 000256683700013OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-15407DiVA: diva2:114125