Decreased capillary filtration but maintained venous compliance in the lower limb of aging women
2007 (English)In: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology, ISSN 0363-6135, Vol. 293, H3568-H3574 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
There are sex-related differences in venous compliance and capillary filtration in the lower limbs, which to some extent can explain the susceptibility to orthostatic intolerance in young women. With age, venous compliance and capacitance are reduced in men. This study was designed to evaluate age-related changes in venous compliance and capillary filtration in the lower limbs of healthy women. Included in this study were 22 young and 12 elderly women (23.1 ± 0.4 and 66.4 ± 1.4 yr). Lower body negative pressure (LBNP) of 11, 22, and 44 mmHg created defined transmural pressure gradients in the lower limbs. A plethysmographic technique was used on the calf to assess venous capacitance and net capillary filtration. Venous compliance was calculated with the aid of a quadratic regression equation. No age-related differences in venous compliance and capacitance were found. Net capillary filtration and capillary filtration coefficient (CFC) were lower in elderly women at a LBNP of 11 and 22 mmHg (0.0032 vs. 0.0044 and 0.0030 vs. 0.0041 ml·100 ml–1·min–1·mmHg–1, P < 0.001). At higher transmural pressure (LBNP, 44 mmHg), CFC increased by 1/3 (0.010 ml·100 ml–1·min–1·mmHg–1) in the elderly (P < 0.001) but remained unchanged in the young women. In conclusion, no age-related decrease in venous compliance and capacitance was seen in women. However, a decreased CFC was found with age, implying reduced capillary function. Increasing transmural pressure increased CFC in the elderly women, indicating an increased capillary susceptibility to transmural pressure load in dependent regions. These findings differ from earlier studies on age-related effects in men, indicating sex-specific vascular aging both in the venous section and microcirculation.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 293, H3568-H3574 p.
Capillary filtration coefficient; lower body negative pressure; age
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-15417DOI: 10.1152/ajpheart.00725.2007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-15417DiVA: diva2:114144