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The discursive construction of group cohesion in problem-based learning (PBL) tutorials
School of Psychological Sciences and Health, University of Strathclyde, UK.
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Psychology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. School of Psychological Sciences and Health, University of Strathclyde, UK.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3307-0748
School of Psychological Sciences and Health, University of Strathclyde, UK.
2016 (English)In: Psychology Learning and Teaching, ISSN 1475-7257, Vol. 15, no 2, p. 180-194Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Research has shown that educators may be reluctant to implement group work in their teaching due to concerns about students partaking in off-task behaviours. However, such off-task interactions have been shown to promote motivation, trust, and rapport-building. This paper details a study in which student groups were video recorded as they engaged in problem-based learning tutorials, with the aim of examining the social interaction within such settings. Eighty-five hours of data were collected from nine groups, with discursive psychology being used to analyse how group cohesion is constructed through off-topic talk such as gossiping and teasing. Two case studies are detailed in which we demonstrate how cohesion is established through a process of collective action against the ‘other’: highlighting the differences between ‘us’ and ‘them’, and how this can impact on group dynamics. There is often a discrepancy between self-reported and observed behaviour in groups and so the more we know about what actually happens in such environments, the better placed we are to support student learning. The paper concludes with recommendations on how analyses of social interaction and the management of psychological issues in problem-based learning tutorials can inform the use of problem-based learning as a teaching and learning approach.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London, United Kingdom: Symposium Journals , 2016. Vol. 15, no 2, p. 180-194
Keywords [en]
Problem-based learning, discursive psychology, group interaction, group cohesion
National Category
Social Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-141244DOI: 10.1177/1475725716643267Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84976604117OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-141244DiVA, id: diva2:1145049
Available from: 2017-09-27 Created: 2017-09-27 Last updated: 2018-03-19Bibliographically approved

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Wiggins, Sally

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf