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Modelling charge transport of discotic liquid-crystalline triindoles: the role of peripheral substitution
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Bioinformatics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
University of Brasilia, Brazil.
University of Brasilia, Brazil.
University of Malaga, Spain.
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2017 (English)In: Physical Chemistry, Chemical Physics - PCCP, ISSN 1463-9076, E-ISSN 1463-9084, Vol. 19, no 35, p. 24202-24208Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We have performed a multiscale approach to study the influence of peripheral substitution in the semiconducting properties of discotic liquid-crystalline triindoles. Charge carrier mobility as high as 1.4 cm(2) V-1 s(-1) was experimentally reported for triindoles substituted with alkynyl chains on the periphery (Gomez-Lor et al. Angew. Chem., Int. Ed., 2011, 50, 7399-7402). In this work, our goal is to get a deeper understanding of both the molecular electronic structure and microscopic factors affecting the charge transport properties in triindoles as a function of the spacer group connecting the central cores with the external alkyl chains (i.e., alkyne or phenyl spacers groups). To this end, we first perform Quantum Mechanical (QM) calculations to assess how the peripheral substitution affects the electronic structure and the internal reorganization energy. Secondly, boxes of stacked molecules were built and relaxed through molecular dynamics to obtain realistic structures. Conformational analysis and calculations of transfer integrals for closed neighbours were performed. Our results show that the insertion of ethynyl spacers between the central aromatic core and the flexible peripheral chains results in lower reorganization energies and enhanced intermolecular order within the stacks with a preferred cofacial 60 degrees staggered conformation, which would result in high charge-carrier mobilities in good agreement with the experimental data. This work allows a deeper understanding of charge carrier mobility in columnar phases, linking the structural order at the molecular level to the property of interest, i.e. the charge carrier mobility. We hope that this understanding will improve the design of systems at the supramolecular level aiming at obtaining a more defined conducting channel, higher mobility and smaller fluctuations within the column.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY , 2017. Vol. 19, no 35, p. 24202-24208
National Category
Theoretical Chemistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-141709DOI: 10.1039/c7cp04632dISI: 000410585900067PubMedID: 28841216OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-141709DiVA, id: diva2:1147327
Note

Funding Agencies|CNPq [304020/2016-8, 407682/2013-9]; FAP-DF grants [0193.001.062/2015, 193.001.284/2016]; SeRC (Swedish e-Science Research Center); SNIC (Swedish National Infrastructure for Computing) [snic2015-1-420]; MINECO [CTQ2015-66897-P, CTQ2016-78557-R]; Junta de Andalucia [P09-4708]; Comunidad de Madrid [S2013/MIT]

Available from: 2017-10-05 Created: 2017-10-05 Last updated: 2017-10-05

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