liu.seSearch for publications in DiVA
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Framing work and play in a small village school
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Psychology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. (socialpsykologi)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7569-3292
Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Culture and Aesthetics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
2017 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Introduction

Up until the late 20th century, small village elementary schools, connected in many ways with the church, provided education for most rural children in Sweden. With increasing urbanisation and the centralisation of public services in Sweden, small village schools are increasingly abandoned in favour of larger schools that can accommodate more pupils, have more efficient services, be more democratic and not connected with any special church communion.

Background

Village schools, like Kyrkskolan (Church School) in the village of Bankeryd, provided the local children with much more than formal education, it also functioned as an arena for play and social acceptance. The closing down of Kyrkskolan has meant that children are referred to the larger schools where they lack a local social connection and respect for their individual differences. This has also meant that the tolerance for social difference has changed. Pupils with social or cognitive challenges who were accepted as persons in the local village school become both invisible and hyper-visible in the larger schools, when they are collectively stigmatised together with other pupils with similar challenges.

In the age-integrated school classes at Kyrkskolan, pupils of different ages worked and played together inside and outside of the school buildings, where also previous generations of local people have worked and played – thus uniting village people of different ages in their shared experiences of the same school, the gestalt of the school. The social life of a village school therefore fundamentally expresses local identities and values over time, beyond the school context.

The research

Researching, visually documenting and framing, the social life of a village school thus requires more than finding the aesthetically most pleasing photographic and analytical angle. In order to access the meaning of the social life of a place, the researcher must move beyond being merely an occasional observer, to become a participant observer. It is through the shared experiences of those places that the researcher can approach their meanings and be able to represent the places and the people from an insider’s point of view. By regularly participating, observing and respecting school work and play over a longer period of time in a naturally occurring way, the researcher is able to identify what characterises that social environment, how it is understood by the other participants, and therefore how it can be documented and presented in a meaningful way.

For the researcher of this project, it did not become apparent what the research was about until late in the photographic process. Instead of zooming in on the work, the research suggested that the meaning of the social life of the school children should best be pictured within a framework of work as play. This paper deals with the methodological challenges faced by the ethnographer/photographer, and discusses the interplay between place, time and representation, as well as the aesthetics of photography as a means to picture peoples’ lives. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
National Category
Pedagogical Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-141838OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-141838DiVA, id: diva2:1147936
Conference
The 12th Annual International Ethnography Symposium Politics and Ethnography in an Age of Uncertainty, The University of Manchester, UK, 29th August - 1st September 2017
Available from: 2017-10-09 Created: 2017-10-09 Last updated: 2018-09-07Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text in DiVA

Authority records BETA

Näslund, JohanNilsson Dahlström, Åsa

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Näslund, JohanNilsson Dahlström, Åsa
By organisation
PsychologyFaculty of Arts and SciencesCulture and Aesthetics
Pedagogical Work

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 96 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf