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The role of self-control and early adolescents’ friendships in the development of externalizing behavior: The SNARE study
Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
Duke University, Durham, USA; King’s College London, London, UK.
University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9097-0873
University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.
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2016 (English)In: Journal of Youth and Adolescence, ISSN 0047-2891, E-ISSN 1573-6601, Vol. 45, no 9, p. 1800-1811Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This social network study investigated themoderating role of self-control in the association betweenfriendship and the development of externalizing behavior: Antisocial behavior, alcohol use, tobacco use. Previous studies have shown inconsistent findings, and did not control for possible friendship network or selection effects. We tested two complementary hypotheses: (1) That early adolescents with low self-control develop externalizing behavior regardless of their friends’ behavior, or (2) as aresult of being influenced by their friends’ externalizing behavior to a greater extent. Hypotheses were investigated using data from the SNARE (Social Network Analysis of Risk behavior in Early adolescence) study (N = 1144,50 % boys, Mage 12.7, SD = 0.47). We controlled for selection effects and the network structure, using a data analysis package called SIENA. The main findings indicate that personal low self-control and friends’ externalizing behaviors both predict early adolescents’ increasing externalizing behaviors, but they do so independently. Therefore, interventions should focus on all early adolescents’with a lower self-control, rather than focus on those adolescents with a lower self-control who also have friendswho engage in externalizing behavior.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer-Verlag New York, 2016. Vol. 45, no 9, p. 1800-1811
Keyword [en]
Alcohol use, Antisocial behavior, Self-control, Social network analysis, SIENA, Tobacco use
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-142555DOI: 10.1007/s10964-015-0287-zISI: 000384566100006PubMedID: 25922116Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84928603164OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-142555DiVA, id: diva2:1153800
Available from: 2017-10-31 Created: 2017-10-31 Last updated: 2018-03-06Bibliographically approved

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Steglich, Christian

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  • apa
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