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A one-dimensional model of flow in a junction of thin channels, including arterial trees
Linköping University, Department of Mathematics, Mathematics and Applied Mathematics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
St Petersburg State University, Russia; St Petersburg Polytech University, Russia; Russian Academic Science, Russia.
2017 (English)In: Sbornik. Mathematics, ISSN 1064-5616, E-ISSN 1468-4802, Vol. 208, no 8, 1138-1186 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We study a Stokes flow in a junction of thin channels (of diameter O(h)) for fixed flows of the fluid at the inlet cross-sections and fixed peripheral pressure at the outlet cross-sections. On the basis of the idea of the pressure drop matrix, apart from Neumann conditions (fixed flow) and Dirichlet conditions (fixed pressure) at the outer vertices, the ordinary one-dimensional Reynolds equations on the edges of the graph are equipped with transmission conditions containing a small parameter h at the inner vertices, which are transformed into the classical Kirchhoff conditions as h -amp;gt;+ 0. We establish that the pre-limit transmission conditions ensure an exponentially small error O(e(-rho/h)),. amp;gt; 0, in the calculation of the three-dimensional solution, but the Kirchhoff conditions only give polynomially small error. For the arterial tree, under the assumption that the walls of the blood vessels are rigid, for every bifurcation node a (2x2)-pressure drop matrix appears, and its influence on the transmission conditions is taken into account by means of small variations of the lengths of the graph and by introducing effective lengths of the one-dimensional description of blood vessels whilst keeping the Kirchhoff conditions and exponentially small approximation errors. We discuss concrete forms of arterial bifurcation and available generalizations of the results, in particular, the Navier-Stokes system of equations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
TURPION LTD , 2017. Vol. 208, no 8, 1138-1186 p.
Keyword [en]
junction of thin channels; bifurcation of a blood vessel; Reynolds equation; modified Kirchhoff conditions; pressure drop matrix; effective length of a one-dimensional image of a blood vessel
National Category
Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-142844DOI: 10.1070/SM8748ISI: 000413222800004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-142844DiVA: diva2:1154922
Note

Funding Agencies|Russian Foundation for Basic Research [15-01-02175-a]; Linkopings Universitet (Sweden)

Available from: 2017-11-06 Created: 2017-11-06 Last updated: 2017-11-06

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CiteExportLink to record
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  • apa
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