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Getting ahead in depopulating areas - How linking social capital is used for informal planning practices in Sweden and The Netherlands
University of Utrecht, Netherlands; Radboud University of Nijmegen, Netherlands.
Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Centre for Municipality Studies – CKS. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7607-7029
2017 (English)In: Journal of Rural Studies, ISSN 0743-0167, E-ISSN 1873-1392, Vol. 55, 59-70 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this paper is to critically examine patterns of linking social capital that emerge from the interaction between non-governmental and governmental planning agents. We address this issue by, first, identifying elements of informality in planning practices developed by rural communities facing a long-term demographic decline and, second, how these elements of informality are linked to formal planning practices at the level of local government. Our paper builds on the concept informality to contextualise the shift from formal to informal in planning practices, and on theories on linking social capital to highlight the strategies rural communities develop to get ahead. We follow a comparative case study design, with in-depth qualitative analysis of informal planning practices in the Netherlands and in Sweden. Based on our empirical findings, we distinguish three patterns of linking social capital: minimal linking, functional linking and reactive linking. In communities where social capital is well developed, municipalities may rely on community initiatives. However, informal planning can be problematic in communities with low levels of social capital. To prevent planning vacuums and large inequalities between localities, we conclude with several options for the future of these communities. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD , 2017. Vol. 55, 59-70 p.
Keyword [en]
Depopulation; Informality; Planning practices; Social capital; Community initiatives; Local government
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-142840DOI: 10.1016/j.jrurstud.2017.07.014ISI: 000413281200006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-142840DiVA: diva2:1154925
Available from: 2017-11-06 Created: 2017-11-06 Last updated: 2017-12-05

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The full text will be freely available from 2019-07-29 16:35
Available from 2019-07-29 16:35

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
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  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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  • asciidoc
  • rtf