liu.seSearch for publications in DiVA
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Reflective Functioning, Limit Setting, and Emotional Availability in Mother-Child Dyads
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Psychology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
Linköping University.
Linköping University.
Linköping University.
Show others and affiliations
2017 (English)In: Parenting, science and practice, ISSN 1529-5192, E-ISSN 1532-7922, Vol. 17, no 4, p. 225-241Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective. There is a need for better understanding the relation between parents mentalizing about their child and their actual behavior toward the child. Specifically, it is important to understand the significance of mentalization about discrete parental challenges in comparison with mentalization about the relationship in general in relation to their interaction with the child. This study aimed to examine parental mentalization and observed emotional availability.

Design. Forty mothers were observed in a play situation with their children (aged 3-10years) to rate the emotional availability in the interaction. Mothers were also interviewed with the parent development interview and about parental limit setting to assess parental reflective functioning.

Results. Analyses showed moderate correlations between the reflective functioning scores and the emotional availability dimensions. Approximately 15% of the variance in emotional availability scales could be accounted for by the reflective functioning ratings.

Conclusions. The results suggest that parents ability to mentalize about limit setting behaviors may affect interactions between the parent and child.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Psychology Press, 2017. Vol. 17, no 4, p. 225-241
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-143379DOI: 10.1080/15295192.2017.1369311ISI: 000415627000002Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85031802016OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-143379DiVA, id: diva2:1162725
Available from: 2017-12-05 Created: 2017-12-05 Last updated: 2018-10-24Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Mentalizing: Competence and process
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mentalizing: Competence and process
2018 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Alternative title[sv]
Mentalisering : Som förmåga och process
Abstract [en]

Mentalizing means making sense of oneself and others in terms of mental states, such as thoughts and feelings. The Reflective Functioning (RF) scale is the golden standard in measuring mentalizing. This thesis aimed to explore the concept of mentalizing and its operationalization RF in different contexts and what RF means in human interaction. The first part of the thesis focused on capturing the applicability of RF in difficult situations of adulthood. The concept of mentalizing was studied as a trait capacity (in young criminal offenders and in mothers who reflected upon their relations to their children and upon limit setting in relation to their children). Findings in the first study indicated that mentalizing might be considered to function as a buffer against committing criminal acts. The second study showed that limit setting RF was more predictive of the mothers’ behavior, measured as emotional availability in interaction with their children, than their general RF concerning the child. In the second part of the thesis, mentalizing was investigated in therapy sessions and analyzed as a state and interactional phenomenon. In study III, therapist interventions were studied and found to be related to the degree of mentalizing that occurred in patient statements, implying that interventions that demanded mentalizing predicted higher levels of RF in patient statements. In study IV, a new instrument to investigate dyadic mentalizing (i. e. both patient and therapist together) was tested. In one of the cases studied, higher dyadic RF predicted patient rated symptom relief in the next session, indicating that dyadic RF might be a mechanism of change. In conclusion, the studies of this thesis suggest that mentalizing can be meaningfully viewed both as an individual competence and as an interactional phenomenon and that RF seems to be highly context- and relationship-specific.

Abstract [sv]

Mentalisering är att begripliggöra sig själv och andra utifrån bakomliggande mentala tillstånd såsom tankar och känslor. Det mest använda sättet att mäta mentalisering är Reflective functioning scale (RF-skalan) som appliceras på anknytningsintervjuer. Avhandlingen syftade till att utforska begreppet mentalisering och RF i olika kontexter samt vad RF har för betydelse i mellanmänskligt samspel. Första delen av avhandlingen fokuserades kring att fånga användbarheten av RF gällande svåra situationer i vuxenlivet. Då undersöktes mentaliseringsbegreppet som en förmåga hos individen (hos unga män som satt i fängelse dömda för olika brott och hos mödrar som reflekterade över relationen till sina barn och över gränssättningssituationer i relation till barnen). Resultaten i den första studien indikerade att mentalisering kan fungera som buffert mot att begå brott. Den andra studien visade att förmågan att mentalisera kring gränssättning i högre utsträckning predicerade mödrarnas beteende i form av emotionell tillgänglighet i samspelet med barnet än generell mentaliseringsförmåga kring barnet. I andra delen av avhandlingen undersöktes mentalisering i terapisessioner, alltså som ett interaktionsfenomen. Studie III handlade om att undersöka hur terapeutens interventioner påverkade graden av mentalisering i patientensuttalanden under en terapisession. Resultaten visade att interventioner som direkt uppmanade till mentalisering ledde till högre RF hos patienten, vilket ger stöd för teorin bakom mentaliseringsbaserad terapi. I den sista studien, en fallstudie, prövades ett nytt instrument avsett att bedöma graden av mentalisering hos den terapeutiska dyaden, dvs både terapeut och patient tillsammans. Ett av resultaten var att högre dyadisk RF kunde predicera minskade symtom i nästföljande session, vilket tyder på att dyadisk RF kan vara en terapeutisk mekanism. Sammanfattningsvis pekar den här avhandlingen på att mentalisering bör ses som både en individuell förmåga och ett interaktionsfenomen samt att RF i hög grad är både relations- och kontextspecifikt.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2018. p. 43
Series
Linköping Studies in Arts and Sciences, ISSN 0282-9800 ; 756Linköping Studies in Behavioural Science, ISSN 1654-2029 ; 211
Keywords
Reflective functioning, dyadic mentalizing, parent-child interaction, therapeutic process, criminal offenders, mentalization-based treatment, mentalizing in action, explicit, implicit, psychotherapy process research, Reflective functioning, dyadisk mentalisering, föräldra-barn-interaktion, terapiprocess, kriminalitet, mentaliseringsbaserad terapi, psykoterapiprocessforskning, implicit, explicit
National Category
Psychology Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-152253 (URN)10.3384/diss.diva-152253 (DOI)9789176851890 (ISBN)
Public defence
2018-11-16, I:101, Hus I, Campus Valla, Linköping, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2018-10-24 Created: 2018-10-24 Last updated: 2018-11-09Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text in DiVA

Other links

Publisher's full textScopus

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Möller, ClaraHolmqvist, Rolf
By organisation
PsychologyFaculty of Arts and SciencesLinköping University
In the same journal
Parenting, science and practice
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
urn-nbn
Total: 79 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf