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Event-related neuronal responses to acoustic novelty in single-sided deaf cochlear implant users: Initial findings
Hannover Medical Sch, Germany.
Hannover Medical Sch, Germany.
Hannover Medical Sch, Germany; Cluster Excellence Hearing4all, Germany.
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Disability Research. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research. Oticon AS, Denmark.
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2018 (English)In: Clinical Neurophysiology, ISSN 1388-2457, E-ISSN 1872-8952, Vol. 129, no 1, p. 133-142Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: A cochlear implant (CI) is an auditory prosthesis restoring profound hearing loss. However, CItransmitted sounds are degraded compared to normal acoustic hearing. We investigated cortical responses related to CI-degraded against acoustic listening. Methods: Event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded from eight single-sided deaf CI users who performed a three-stimulus oddball task, separatelywith their normal hearing ear and CI ear. The oddball tones were occasionally intermitted by novel sounds. ERP responses were compared between electric and acoustic listening for the auditory (N1) and auditory-cognitive (Novelty P3, Target-P3) ERP components. Results: CI-degraded listening was associated with attenuated sensory processing (N1) and with attenuated early cortical responses to acoustic novelty whereas the late cortical responses to acoustic novelty and the target-P3 did not differ between NH and CI ears. Conclusion: The present study replicates the CI-attenuation of Novelty-P3 amplitudes in a within-subject comparison. Further, we show that the CI-attenuation of Novelty-P3 amplitudes extends to early cortical responses to acoustic novelty, but not to late novelty responses. Significance: The dissociation into CI-attenuated P3 early Novelty-P3 amplitudes and CI-unaffected late Novelty-P3 amplitudes represents a cortical fingerprint of CI-degraded listening. It further contributes to general claims of distinct auditory Novelty-P3 sub-components. (C) 2017 International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD , 2018. Vol. 129, no 1, p. 133-142
Keywords [en]
Cochlear implants; Event-related potential; Oddball paradigm; Novelty-P3
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Neurosciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-144134DOI: 10.1016/j.clinph.2017.10.025ISI: 000418602000016PubMedID: 29182915OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-144134DiVA, id: diva2:1172519
Note

Funding Agencies|German Research Council (DFG Cluster of Excellence EXC 1077/1 "Hearing4all"); Oticon Foundation

Available from: 2018-01-10 Created: 2018-01-10 Last updated: 2018-01-13

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Citation style
  • apa
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