A fifteen-year follow-up of neurological conditions in VLBW children without overt disability: Relation to gender, neonatal risk factors, and end stage MRI findings
2008 (English)In: Early Human Development, ISSN 0378-3782, Vol. 84, no 5, 343-349 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: Very low birthweight (VLBW; birth weight ≤ 1500 g) children run a greater risk than controls of developing neurosensory disabilities, but also minor neurological disturbances.
Aims: To assess neurological status from the neonatal period up to fifteen years of age in VLBW children without overt neurological disability in relation to gender, neonatal risk factors, and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) findings of the brain.
Study design: A population based follow-up study of VLBW children and their controls.
Subjects: Eighty VLBW children without overt disability, in a cohort of 86 surviving VLBW children, were enrolled in a follow-up study at 40 weeks gestational age and at 4, 9, and 15 years of age. 56 VLBW children were examined with cerebral MRI at 15 years of age.
Outcome measures: Neurological test scores. MRI findings, principally white matter damage (WMD).
Results: VLBW children were inferior in neurological assessments in comparison with controls at 40 weeks gestational age and 4 and 15 years of age. VLBW girls did not differ from their controls at 9 and 15 years. Fourteen of 56 (25%) VLBW children had abnormal MRI findings and 13 were evaluated as mild WMD. Children with WMD did not differ in neurological outcome from those without WMD at any examination. Mechanical ventilation and/or intraventricular haemorrhage (IVH) during the neonatal period were significantly related to less a favourable outcome at follow-up examinations.
Conclusion: A cohort of VLBW children without overt neurological disability had a poorer neurological condition up to adolescence in comparison with controls. A quarter of the VLBW children had mild WMD but without relation to the neurological functions. Mechanical ventilation and IVH were related to poorer neurological outcome.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier , 2008. Vol. 84, no 5, 343-349 p.
Very low birthweight infants, Follow-up study, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Neurological function, Neonatal risk factors
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-15485DOI: 10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2007.09.013OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-15485DiVA: diva2:117338