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Skin dose measurement during radiation therapy of mastectomy patients using GafChromicTM EBT3 films.
Linköping University, Department of Biomedical Engineering.
2017 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Purpose: The aim of this study was to develop a method of measuring changes in the skin microcirculation and skin dose for mastectomy patients in connection with the radiation treatment. The distribution of the skin dose, its dependence on the energy of the beam, field geometry and bolus material and the accuracy of the given skin dose in the treatment planning system were studied. Finally, the correlation between the given dose and the changes in skin microcirculation was evaluated.

Methods: Skin dose was measured using GafChromic EBT3 films. To evaluate the impact of different energies and field geometry measurements on a PMMA phantom were done. Dose measurements were done using an anthropomorphic phantom and in patients. The measured skin doses were compered to the doses calculated using the treatment planning system.

Before and after treatment, skin blood perfusion was measured using laser speckle contrast imaging. In connection with the last measurement also methyl nicotinate was used to increase the perfusion for the measurement.

Results: The measurements on the PMMA-phantom indicate that a larger photon energy results in a lower dose to the skin, but a higher exit dose. Furthermore a more oblique angle results in a higher skin dose and a larger field size also results in an increased skin dose.

The patient measurements showed that the skin dose was significantly different in different areas of the irradiated field. The highest dose was measured in the area in which a bolus was applied. All patients showed a significant increase in skin blood of the perfusion within the irradiated area.

The comparison between the measured doses and the doses calculated using the treatment planning system shows an underestimation of the skin dose by the treatment planning system depending on the incident angle and the presence of bolus material.

Conclusion: The distribution of the skin dose during breast cancer radiotherapy in mastectomy patients is heterogeneous with the highest dose in the area of the mastectomy scar, due to the presence of bolus material. A correlation can be noticed between the changed in microcirculation and the radiation dose to the skin. Estimation of the skin dose using the treatment planning system is inaccurate, but film doseimetry offers an easy-to use method to accurately measure the dose to different areas of the irradiated skin. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 83
Keywords [en]
Mastectomy, Radiation therapy, GafChromic, EBT3, microcirculation
National Category
Medical Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-144289ISRN: LiU-IMT-TFK-A--17/551--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-144289DiVA, id: diva2:1174512
Subject / course
Medical Technology
Presentation
2018-01-08, 21:41 (Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-02-23 Created: 2018-01-15 Last updated: 2018-02-23Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
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Output format
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