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Variable Air Volume-Flow Systems: A Possible Way to Reduce Energy Use in the Swedish Dairy Industry
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Energy Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Energy Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
2007 (English)In: The International Journal of Ventilation, ISSN 1473-3315, E-ISSN 2044-4044, Vol. 5, no 4, 381-392 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Growing concern about negative effects on the environment and increasing energy prices stress the importance of energy efficiency. Support processes such as heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC) use large amounts of energy in the dairy industry. In this paper the energy aspects of the support processes at two large dairies, built at three different points in time, are analyzed and compared with energy use throughout the rest of the company. Significant differences in the use of energy and the resulting indoor climate were found. One way to reduce the impact of increasing energy used by HVAC is to use Variable Air Volume-flow (VAV) systems. The potential for using VAV systems in the dairy industry is studied using a whole-site simulation for one of the sites. The simulations predict a potential for reducing space heating by 60%, and the amount of electricity used to run fans and compressors for air-cooling systems by 21%. This remarkable potential for reducing heat use is due to the dynamics of the process during the heating season. The indoor climate and energy simulation was carried out using the commercial code IDA ICE. The model has been validated with extensive measurements over an entire year. The predicted indoor air temperatures are in good agreement with the measured values. The use of VAV systems is concluded to be an effective energy efficiency measure for reducing the energy used by HVAC systems in the dairy industry.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 5, no 4, 381-392 p.
Keyword [en]
Building energy simulation, energy efficiency, dairy industry, VAV systems, indoor climate, comparison with measurements
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-15525OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-15525DiVA: diva2:117488
Available from: 2008-11-14 Created: 2008-11-14 Last updated: 2017-12-14
In thesis
1. Energy efficiency and ventilation in Swedish industries barriers, simulation and control strategy
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Energy efficiency and ventilation in Swedish industries barriers, simulation and control strategy
2008 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The energy issue is presently in focus worldwide. This is not only due to increasing environmental concern regarding energy related emissions, but also due to the trend of increasing energy prices. Energy usage in the industrial sector in Sweden today represents about one third of the national energy use. A substantial part of that is related to support processes such as heating, ventilation and cooling systems. These systems are important as they are related both to energy cost and indoor climate management as well as to the health of the occupants.

The purpose of this thesis is to reach a more comprehensive view on industrial energy efficiency and indoor environment issues related to industrial ventilation. This has been studied in three themes where the first part addresses barriers to energy efficiency in Swedish industries, the second theme discuss simulation as decision support, and the third studies the variable air volume system in industrial facilities.

In the first theme three different studies were made: the first studies non-energy intensive companies in Oskarshamn in Sweden, the second studies the energy intensive foundry industry and the third study was part of an evaluation of a large energy efficiency program called Project Highland. These studies had several findings in common, such as the importance of a strategic view on the energy issue and the presence of a person with real ambition with power over investment decisions related to energy issues at the company. The studies also show that several information related barriers are important for decision makers at the studied companies. This shows that information related barriers are one reason in why energy efficient equipment is not implemented.

In the second theme the use of simulation in the form of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) and Building Energy Simulation (BES) are used as decision support for industrial ventilation related studies at two different industries, one foundry is investigated and one dairy. BES has mainly been used to simulate energy and power related parameters while CFD was used to give a detailed description of the indoor and product environment. Together these methods can be used to better evaluate the energy, indoor and product environment and thus enable the implementation of more efficient heating, ventilation and air-conditioning systems.

In the third theme the use of Variable Air Volume (VAV) systems was evaluated, and was found to be an efficient way to reduce energy use at the studied sites. At the studied foundry the VAV system is predicted to reduce space heating and electricity use by fans by about 30%, and in the dairy case by about 60% for space heating and 20% for electricity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2008. 95 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Dissertations, ISSN 0345-7524 ; 1223
Keyword
Industrial energy efficiency, Industrial ventilation, Barriers, Driving forces. CFD
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-15531 (URN)978-91-7393-767-2 (ISBN)
Public defence
2008-11-21, ACAS, Hus A, Campus Valla, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 10:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2008-11-14 Created: 2008-11-14 Last updated: 2009-05-12Bibliographically approved

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Rohdin, PatrikMoshfegh, Bahram

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