Effective way to control the size of well-aligned ZnO nanorod arrays with two-step chemical bath deposition
2009 (English)In: Journal of Crystal Growth, ISSN 0022-0248, E-ISSN 1873-5002, Vol. 311, no 4, 1046-1050 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The diameter of well-aligned ZnO nanorod arrays (ZNAs) grown on Si substrates has been well controlled from 150nm to 40nm by two-step chemical bath deposition method (CBD), i.e. substrate pretreatment with spin coating to form ZnO nanoparticles seed layer and CBD growth. The effects of ZnO nanoparticles density and diameter on size and alignment of ZNAs were investigated in detail by atomic force microscope (AFM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), scan electronic microscope (SEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM) and photoluminescence (PL). The results indicate that both diameter and density of ZnO nanoparticles which were pre-coated on the substrates will influence the size and alignment of ZNAs, but the density will play a key role to determine the diameter of ZNAs when the density is higher than the value of 2.3×108cm-2. Moreover, only a strong UV peak at 385 nm appears in room temperature PL spectrum for these samples, which indicates that as-synthesized ZnO nanorods have a perfect crystallization and low density of deep level defects.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 311, no 4, 1046-1050 p.
ZnO nanorods arrays, CBD, Size-controlled growth
Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-15533DOI: 10.1016/j.jcrysgro.2008.12.028OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-15533DiVA: diva2:117503
Li-Li Yang, Qingxiang Zhao, Magnus Willander and J.H. Yang, Effective way to control the size of well-aligned ZnO nanorod arrays with two-step chemical bath deposition, 2009, Journal of Crystal Growth, (311), 4, 1046-1050.
Copyright: Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam.