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Climacteric symptoms in a postmenopausal Czech population
Linköping University, Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, Obstetrics and gynecology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, BKC - Barn och kvinnocentrum, KK - Kvinnokliniken.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, County Hospital of Kladno, Kladno, Czech Republic.
Linköping University, Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, Obstetrics and gynecology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, BKC - Barn och kvinnocentrum, KK - Kvinnokliniken.
1996 (English)In: Maturitas, ISSN 0378-5122, E-ISSN 1873-4111, Vol. 23, no 1, p. 85-89Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of climacteric symptoms and the use of hormone replacement therapy in a former eastern European country. All 55-, 57-, 59- and 61-year-old women in Kladno in the Czech Republic were asked to participate in the study.

METHOD: In 1993, 1505 women in Kladno of the Czech Republic were sent a postal questionnaire concerning age at menopause and their climacteric symptoms.

RESULTS: Answers were received from 799 women (53%); 98% were postmenopausal. The median age at spontaneous menopause was 50 years, 49.5 years among women smoking at least 5 cigarettes/day and 51.0 years among non-smokers (P < 0.05). About every fifth woman smoked. Totally 22% of the women had undergone hysterectomy and/or oophorectomy and 3% had been treated for a gynaecological malignancy. The majority of the women (58%) reported ongoing vasomotor symptoms; half of them had moderate to severe vasomotor symptoms. In all, 79% of the women reported ever having vasomotor symptoms. Only 3% of the women had ever tried hormone replacement therapy (HRT) and one woman had current treatment. Dysuria was reported by 22% and 4% had recurrent urinary tract infections; 70% of the women had a partner and 50% were sexually active. Reasons for not being sexually active were mostly lack of a partner, loss of sexual desire or partner's disease or impotence.

CONCLUSION: Climacteric symptoms including vasomotor and urogenital symptoms had the same prevalence in the Czech Republic as previously reported in other Western Countries. Only a few women had tried HRT. Smokers had a slightly earlier menopause.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 1996. Vol. 23, no 1, p. 85-89
National Category
Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-145357DOI: 10.1016/0378-5122(95)00965-5ISI: A1996UH76200011PubMedID: 8861090Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-0029965786OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-145357DiVA, id: diva2:1185767
Available from: 2018-02-26 Created: 2018-02-26 Last updated: 2018-03-01Bibliographically approved

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Nedstrand, ElizabethHammar, Mats

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