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Understanding of human referential gestures is not correlated to humandirectedsocial behaviour in Labrador retrievers and German shepherd dogs
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biology. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. (AVIAN Behaviour Genomics and Physiology Group)
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biology. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. (AVIAN Behaviour Genomics and Physiology Group)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6115-7517
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biology. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. (AVIAN Behaviour Genomics and Physiology Group)
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biology. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. (AVIAN Behaviour Genomics and Physiology Group)
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2018 (English)In: Applied Animal Behaviour Science, ISSN 0168-1591, E-ISSN 1872-9045, Vol. 201, p. 46-53Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Dogs are known to excel in interspecific communication with humans and both communicate with humans and follow human communicative cues. Two tests commonly used to test these skills are, firstly, the problem-solving paradigm, and, secondly, following human referential signals, for example pointing. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether dogs that seek more human contact in an unsolvable problem-solving paradigm also better understand human communicative cues in a pointing test. We also assessed between- and within-breed variation in both tests. 167 dogs were tested and were of the breeds German shepherd dog and Labrador retriever. The Labradors were separated into the two selection lines: common type (bred for show and pet) and field type (bred for hunting). A principal component analysis of behaviours during the problem solving revealed four components: Passivity, Experimenter Contact, Owner Contact and Eye Contact. We analysed the effect of these components on success rate in the pointing test and we found no effect for three of them, while a negative correlation was found for Owner Contact (F(1,147) = 6.892; P = 0.010). This was only present in common-typed Labradors. We conclude that the ability to follow a pointing cue does not predict the propensity for human-directed social behaviour in a problem-solving situation and suggest that the two tests measure different aspects of human-directed social behaviour in dogs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018. Vol. 201, p. 46-53
Keywords [en]
Human-dog communication, Human-directed social behaviour, Pointing test, Problem-solving test, German shepherd dogs. Labrador retrievers
National Category
Biological Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-145542DOI: 10.1016/j.applanim.2017.12.017ISI: 000430774800007Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85039704233OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-145542DiVA, id: diva2:1187772
Note

Funding agencies: European Research Council (ERC) [322206]

Available from: 2018-03-05 Created: 2018-03-05 Last updated: 2018-05-23Bibliographically approved

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The full text will be freely available from 2018-12-21 18:00
Available from 2018-12-21 18:00

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Persson, Mia

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Sundman, Ann-SofiePersson, MiaGrozelier, AnnaHalldén, Lise-LotteJensen, PerRoth, Lina
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