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Management of newly diagnosed atrial fibrillation in an outpatient clinic settingpatients perspectives and experiences
Odense Univ Hosp, Denmark; Univ Southern Denmark, Denmark.
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Heart and Medicine Center, Department of Cardiology in Linköping.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4259-3671
Odense Univ Hosp, Denmark; Univ Southern Denmark, Denmark.
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Univ Adelaide, Australia; Univ Adelaide, Australia.
2018 (English)In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 27, no 3-4, p. 601-611Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aims and objectivesTo gain in-depth knowledge of patients experiences of the consultation processes at a multidisciplinary atrial fibrillation outpatient clinic in a university hospital in Denmark. BackgroundAtrial fibrillation is the most common cardiac arrhythmia associated with morbidity and mortality if not diagnosed and treated as recommended. Patients with newly diagnosed atrial fibrillation preferably should be managed in an outpatient setting which includes medical examination, patient education and decision-making on medical therapy. DesignThis is a qualitative study of 14 patients newly diagnosed with atrial fibrillation, ranging from asymptomatic patients, to those with mild to severe symptoms; they were all referred from general practitioners. MethodsData were generated in 2013-2015 using participant observation during each consultation, followed by individual interviews postconsultation. ResultsPatients were referred with limited information on AF and knowledge about the management consultation procedures. The consultations were performed in a professional way by the cardiologist as well as by the nurses with an emphasis on the medical aspects of atrial fibrillation. The understanding that atrial fibrillation is not a fatal disease in itself was very important for patients. At the same time, visiting the clinic was overwhelming, information was difficult to understand, and patients found it difficult to be involved in decision-making. ConclusionsThis study indicates that patients were uncertain on what AF was before as well as after their consultation. The communication was concentrated on the medical aspects of atrial fibrillation and visiting the clinic was an overwhelming experience for the patients. They had difficulty understanding what atrial fibrillation was, why they were treated with anticoagulation, and that anticoagulating was a lifelong treatment. Relevance for clinical practiceThis study demonstrates some lack of patient-centred care and an absence of tailored patient AF-related education. Furthermore, the study highlights the need for and importance of active patient involvement.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
WILEY , 2018. Vol. 27, no 3-4, p. 601-611
Keyword [en]
atrial fibrillation; clinical management; multidisciplinary care; outpatient clinic; patient experiences
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-145787DOI: 10.1111/jocn.13951ISI: 000425733600031PubMedID: 28677250OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-145787DiVA, id: diva2:1192404
Note

Funding Agencies|Novo Nordisk Foundation

Available from: 2018-03-22 Created: 2018-03-22 Last updated: 2018-03-22

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Strömberg, AnnaHendriks, Jeroen
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Division of Nursing ScienceFaculty of Medicine and Health SciencesDepartment of Cardiology in Linköping
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