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Sex-specific associations between self-reported sleep duration, depression, anxiety, fatigue and daytime sleepiness in an older community-dwelling population
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Department of Clinical Neurophysiology. Jonkoping Univ, Sweden.
Jonkoping Univ, Sweden.
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Heart and Medicine Center, Department of Cardiology in Linköping.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Neuro and Inflammation Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Department of Clinical Neurophysiology.
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2018 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 32, no 1, p. 290-298Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

PurposeThe purpose of this study was to explore whether associations between self-reported sleep duration, depressive symptoms, anxiety, fatigue and daytime sleepiness differed in older community-dwelling men and women. DesignCross-sectional. MethodsA community-dwelling sample of 675 older men and women (mean age 77.7years, SD 3.8years) was used. All participants underwent a clinical examination by a cardiologist. Validated questionnaires were used to investigate sleep duration, depressive symptoms, anxiety, fatigue and daytime sleepiness. Subjects were divided into short sleepers (6hours), n=231; normal sleepers (7-8hours), n=338; and long sleepers (9hours), n=61. ancovas were used to explore sex-specific effects. ResultsDepressive symptoms were associated with short sleep in men, but not in women. Fatigue was associated with both short and long sleep duration in men. No sex-specific associations of sleep duration with daytime sleepiness or anxiety were found. ConclusionNurses investigating sleep duration and its correlates, or effects, in clinical practice need to take sex into account, as some associations may be sex specific. Depressive symptoms and fatigue can be used as indicators to identify older men with sleep complaints.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
WILEY , 2018. Vol. 32, no 1, p. 290-298
Keyword [en]
aged; rural population; sleep-wake disorders; sleep; sex differences; sleep; insomnia; depression; daytime sleepiness
National Category
Geriatrics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-147143DOI: 10.1111/scs.12461ISI: 000426524200029PubMedID: 28574585OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-147143DiVA, id: diva2:1197199
Note

Funding Agencies|Health Research Council in the south-east of Sweden [2004-233]

Available from: 2018-04-12 Created: 2018-04-12 Last updated: 2018-04-12

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Broström, AndersAlehagen, UrbanUlander, MartinJohansson, Peter
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Division of Nursing ScienceFaculty of Medicine and Health SciencesDepartment of Clinical NeurophysiologyDivision of Cardiovascular MedicineDepartment of Cardiology in LinköpingDivision of Neuro and Inflammation ScienceDepartment of Medical and Health Sciences
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