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Piggybacking on an Autonomous Hauler: Business Models Enabling a System-of-Systems Approach to Mapping an Underground Mine
RISE SICS AB, Sweden.
RISE SICS AB, Sweden.
Linköping University, Department of Electrical Engineering, Automatic Control. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
2017 (English)In: 2017 IEEE 25TH INTERNATIONAL REQUIREMENTS ENGINEERING CONFERENCE (RE), IEEE , 2017, p. 372-381Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

With ever-increasing productivity targets in mining operations, there is a growing interest in mining automation. In future mines, remote controlled and autonomous haulers will operate underground guided by LiDAR (Light Detection And Ranging) sensors. We envision reusing LiDAR measurements to maintain accurate mine maps that would contribute to both safety and productivity. Extrapolating from a pilot project on reliable wireless communication in Bolidens Kankberg mine, we propose establishing a System-of-Systems (SoS) with LiDAR-equipped haulers and existing mapping solutions as constituent systems. SoS requirements engineering inevitably adds a political layer, as independent actors are stakeholders both on the system and SoS levels. We present four SoS scenarios representing different business models, discussing how development and operations could be distributed among Boliden and external stakeholders, e.g., the vehicle suppliers, the hauling company, and the developers of the mapping software. Based on eight key variation points, we compare the four scenarios from both technical and business perspectives. Finally, we validate our findings in a seminar with participants from the relevant stakeholders. We conclude that to determine which scenario is the most promising for Boliden, trade-offs regarding control, costs, risks, and innovation must be carefully evaluated.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE , 2017. p. 372-381
Series
International Requirements Engineering Conference, ISSN 2332-6441
Keywords [en]
system-of-systems; business models; architecturally significant requirements; software ecosystems; mining automation
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-147206DOI: 10.1109/RE.2017.55ISI: 000427159100038ISBN: 978-1-5386-3191-1 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-147206DiVA, id: diva2:1197323
Conference
25th IEEE International Requirements Engineering Conference (RE)
Note

Funding Agencies|Swedish Agency for Innovation Systems within the PIMM project; VINNOVA

Available from: 2018-04-12 Created: 2018-04-12 Last updated: 2018-04-12

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf