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Vinnande bilder!: Teckningstävlingar för barn 1938-2000
Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
2018 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Denna avhandling granskar barnteckningstävlingar som ett historiskt och föränderligt fenomen. Barn har engagerats i tävlingar i såväl skolan som hemmen och på initiativ av en rad skilda aktörer. Analysen av tävlingarna har problematiserat vad tävlingsarrangörerna velat uppnå med att organisera teckningstävlingar och analysen av tävlingsbilderna har undersökt hur barn har kunnat och velat gestalta olika uppdrag under olika tid. Samtidigt som teckningstävlingar förekom under hela perioden 1938-2000 så blev tävlingsformen och tävlandets innebörder efterhand alltmer omdebatterat. Både Tävlingarna och tävlingsbilderna utgör således grunden för en diskussion om hur barn och barndom konstruerats över tid. Tävlingarna uppvisar både kontinuitet och förändring av barndomens innebörder. Kontinuitet genom att barnbilder under hela perioden efterfrågats och barn betraktats som kompetenta konst- och åsiktsskapare. Förändring genom de olika bardomsdiskurser tävlingarna och bildernas innehåll och uttryck representerar. De teman som förhandlas i tävlingarna rör bland annat hur tävlingarna har deltagit i att konstruera bilder av hembygden, Sverigebilder, och hur de gestaltat miljöfrågor, könsroller eller barns platser och relationer.

1940-talets framtidsoptimistiska bildbudskap av ett gemensamt välfärdsbygge, förbyttes under 1970-talet i barndomsbilder av en problemfylld och hotande framtid. Samtidigt kan tävlingarna ses som del av en barndomsdiskurs under 1970-talet där det var angeläget att lyssna till barns åsikter. Tävlingsbilderna visar hur barn gavs ansvaret att uppfostra både andra barn och vuxna. Barnen gavs en röst, men samtidigt beskriver bilderna, i motsats till 1940-talets bilder, en komplex och hotfull framtid.

Abstract [en]

This thesis examines children’s art competitions as a changing historical phenomenon. A number of different actors have taken the initiative to involve children in competitions both at home and in school. Art competitions took place throughout the entire period from 1938 to 2000, but the format and the implications of contests became increasingly matters for debate. The analysis of the competitions problematizes the goals of the competition organizers, and the analysis of the competition pictures has examined how the children have chosen to portray various topics during different periods of time. The competitions and the pictures have thus provided the foundation for a discussion on how children and childhood were constructed during the studied time periods. The dissertation shows that during the entire period there has been an ambition from various sponsors to both use and listen to children’s voices by means of the art competitions. Continuity is seen in the sense that children’s pictures were in demand and children were regarded as competent creators of art and opinions, during the entire period studied. Changes is seen through the various discourses of childhood and children that are displayed through the competitions. For instance views concerning homeland and nation, as well as different ideals of how to depict gender and childhood relations over time. The optimistic message for the future that were depicted in the 1940’s construction of the welfare state, were during the 1970’s transformed into pictures of environmental problems and threats. But at the same time the art competitions were part of the discourse of childhood during the 1970’s where it was important to listen to the views of children. The competitions show how children were given both the possibility and the responsibility of fostering both other children and adults. Children were given a voice, but at the same time in contrast to those of the 1940’s the pictures foresaw a complex and menacing future

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2018. , p. 304
Series
Linköping Studies in Arts and Sciences, ISSN 0282-9800 ; 739
Keywords [en]
Visual culture, History, History of Childhood, child art competitions, children´s pictures, art education, childhood, homeland, nation, Sweden, Gender relations, children´s places
Keywords [sv]
Visuell kultur, historia, barndomshistoria, teckningstävlingar för barn, Bildpedagogik, barnbilder, barndom, hembygdskunskap, Sverigebilder, könsroller, barns relationer, barns platser
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified History Social Sciences Interdisciplinary Cultural Studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-147286DOI: 10.3384/diss.diva-147286ISBN: 9789176852989 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-147286DiVA, id: diva2:1197595
Public defence
2018-04-27, Temcas, Temahuset, Campus Valla, Linköping, 13:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

Korrigeringar är gjorda i den elektroniska versionen utifrån publicerad erratalista / The corrections in the published errata list are implemented in the electronic version.

Available from: 2018-04-13 Created: 2018-04-13 Last updated: 2018-05-04Bibliographically approved

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Låby, Elin

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