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Associations of Parental Self-Efficacy With Diet, Physical Activity, Body Composition, and Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Swedish Preschoolers: Results From the MINISTOP Trial
NYU, NY USA.
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Univ Granada, Spain.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2482-7048
Karolinska Inst, Sweden.
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Psychology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
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2018 (English)In: Health Education & Behavior, ISSN 1090-1981, E-ISSN 1552-6127, Vol. 45, no 2, p. 238-246Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background. High parental self-efficacy (PSE) has been associated with healthy diets and higher levels of physical activity (PA) in children; however, data on PSE in relation to body weight and body composition are scarce. The objective of this study was to investigate associations of PSE with measures of diet, PA, body composition, and physical fitness in early childhood. Method. We used baseline data from the MINISTOP trial in healthy Swedish children (n = 301; 4.5 +/- 0.15 years). PSE was assessed using a questionnaire, dietary data were collected using a mobile technology-assisted methodology, and PA was obtained (sedentary behavior and moderate-to-vigorous) by accelerometry. Body composition was measured using the pediatric option for BodPod and cardiorespiratory fitness by the 20 m shuttle run. Linear regression was conducted to evaluate cross-sectional associations of the outcomes in relation to total PSE and scores computed for the individual PSE factors: (1) diet, (2) limit setting of unhealthful behaviors, and (3) PA. Results. Higher scores of total PSE and the diet factor were associated with higher fruit intake ( = 0.82 g/point and 1.99 g/point; p = .014 and .009, respectively) and lower consumption of unhealthy snacks ( = -0.42 g/point and -0.89 g/point; p = .012 and .020, respectively) after adjustment for parental body mass index and education, respondent, and childs sex and age. No associations were observed between PSE and PA, body composition, or cardiorespiratory fitness. Conclusions. Our study noted that PSE should be considered in conjunction with other strategies for a sustainable impact on childhood obesity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC , 2018. Vol. 45, no 2, p. 238-246
Keywords [en]
body composition; body mass index; MINISTOP trial; parental self-efficacy; physical fitness
National Category
Nutrition and Dietetics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-147569DOI: 10.1177/1090198117714019ISI: 000429809500009PubMedID: 28629222OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-147569DiVA, id: diva2:1201961
Note

Funding Agencies|Swedish Research Council [2012-2883]; Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare [2012-0906]; Bo and Vera Axson Johnsons Foundation; Karolinska Institutet; Henning and Johan Throne-Holst Foundation; County Council of Ostergotland

Available from: 2018-04-27 Created: 2018-04-27 Last updated: 2019-06-28

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