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Palliation of Malignant Biliary Obstruction: Adverse Events are Common after Percutaneous Transhepatic Biliary Drainage
Region Östergötland, Local Health Care Services in Central Östergötland. Region Östergötland, Local Health Care Services in East Östergötland, Center of Palliative Care.
Region Östergötland, Local Health Care Services in Central Östergötland, Department of Advanced Home Care in Linköping.
Region Östergötland, Center for Surgery, Orthopaedics and Cancer Treatment, Department of Surgery in Linköping.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Surgery, Orthopedics and Oncology. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Center for Surgery, Orthopaedics and Cancer Treatment, Department of Surgery in Linköping.
2018 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery, ISSN 1457-4969, E-ISSN 1799-7267, Vol. 107, no 1, p. 48-53Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background and Aim: Endoscopic stents in the common bile duct is the first treatment choice to alleviate symptoms of biliary obstruction due to malignant disease. When endoscopic stenting fails in palliative patients, one option is to use a percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage, but it is not clear whether and how it can reduce the symptom load. The aim of this study was to evaluate benefits and disadvantages of percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage in palliative care. Material and Methods: Inclusion criteria were malignant disease and bilirubin 26 mu mol/L in plasma. A structured protocol for obtaining data from the medical records was used. Data were collected from the time of last computed tomography scan before the percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage was placed and during 14days afterward. Results and Conclusion: Inclusion criteria were fulfilled in 140 patients. Median age was 70years (33-91years). Some 126 patients had a remaining external percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage. Jaundice was the initial symptom in 62 patients (44%). Within the first week after percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage, the bilirubin decreased from 237 mu mol/L (31-634) to 180 mu mol/L (17-545). Only 25% reached a level below the double upper reference value. Pruritus occurred in 27% before the percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage, but the bilirubin value did not differ from patients without pruritus. However, the pruritus was relieved in 56% with percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage. Antibiotic prophylaxis protected to some extent from infectious complications. Adverse events were common and early mortality was high (16% within 14days). Jaundice should not by itself be an indication for percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage for palliation except when the aim is to prepare the patient for chemotherapy. It is mandatory that the patients are informed carefully about what can be expected regarding the positive effects and the risks of adverse events.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD , 2018. Vol. 107, no 1, p. 48-53
Keywords [en]
Hyperbilirubinemia; jaundice; malignancy; palliation; biliary obstruction; transhepatic drainage; outcome
National Category
Surgery
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-147587DOI: 10.1177/1457496917731192ISI: 000429935400008PubMedID: 28946806OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-147587DiVA, id: diva2:1202994
Available from: 2018-05-02 Created: 2018-05-02 Last updated: 2019-05-02

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Heedman, Per-AndersÅstradsson, E.Blomquist, K.Sjödahl, Rune
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Local Health Care Services in Central ÖstergötlandCenter of Palliative CareDepartment of Advanced Home Care in LinköpingDepartment of Surgery in LinköpingDivision of Surgery, Orthopedics and OncologyFaculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
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Scandinavian Journal of Surgery
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